Masonic Lodge History of Georgia
Lodge #214 F & AM
Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia Facebook Page
Founded in 1857, Ocean Lodge #214 F&AM has been a steadfast part of Brunswick
history since the city itself was founded. In fact, the first lodge, in Hanover
Square, housed City Hall on the ground floor for many years.
The following information was transcribed
verbatim, any mistakes are the author's;
nothing has been corrected
Masonic Biography and Dictionary comprising The History of
Ancient Masonry, Antiquity of Masonry, Written and Unwritten Law, Derivation and
Definition of Masonic Terms, Biographies of Eminent Masons, Statistics, List of
All Lodges in the United States, Etc.
Compiled by Augustus Row, K. T.
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1868
Anti-Masonry - In 1826 a great cry was raised by the political tricksters of
the country against Freemasonry.
To insure success, the party had recourse to every stratagem, and amongst
the most popular was the story hatched out of the so-called and supposed
abduction of an individual named Morgan, at Batavia, New York, in 1826, for
exposing the secrets of the order. This fellow, finding no doubt his enterprise
a failure, secreted himself, and circulated the story in order to meet a ready
sale of his work, which was but a republication of “Jachin and Boaz,” published
in Albany, in 1790, from an English work. The frenzy with which politicians
hashed and rehashed this story, obtained for them about 100,000 supporters in
New York. In Pennsylvania, where the Hon. Judge Giullis was arrested for
complicity in the affair, the party succeeded in dividing the vote. In Vermont,
the party, fired with unceasing efforts, succeeded for a time. But this was not
to last. The party had grown so rapidly, swollen so hugely with broken-down
politicians, and presented such an empty hollowness of principle, that it
exploded with the contempt of all good citizens. In Pennsylvania, the
Legislature inaugurated a series of persecutions, and the hero Thaddeus Stevens,
Esq., of Lancaster, a rejected applicant of Good Samaritan Lodge, Gettysburg,
Pa., was not able to force the secrets from the order. The principles of the
order having become known and found their way to the people, the sentiment was
soon changed, and the ill-shaped Anti-Masonic party, having no other aim than
power and corruption, came to an end. But the power behind the throne has again
shown its huge-footed plans and the resurrection of its skeleton is now
proposed. Whether the new effort will succeed, remains for the future to
disclose, but it matters little, as the truths of a genuine Christian system of
charity and benevolence, as produced by Freemasonry, are engrafted in the minds
of the people, not to be rooted out by persecution. (See U.S. “Anti-Masonic
Georgia - Freemasonry was introduced into this state about
1730-1734. In 1735, the Grand Lodge of England granted a Charter for a Lodge at
Savannah. In December 16th, 1786, the Grand Lodge was organized.
Grand Lodge - The body that has exclusive jurisdiction in a State
or kingdom over the Subordinate Lodges, and all Masons within its bounds. It
empowers subordinate bodies to practice all the rights of Masonry. Originally
the order was not governed by Grand Lodges, but the right existed inherently to
act as individuals. However, the ancient brethren met annually, to consult upon
Masonry and select a Grand Master. But as the order increased in power and
numbers, it became necessary to establish Grand Lodges, for the interest of the
order. The first charter granted was to St. Alban’s, for a General Assembly, and
subsequently Prince Edwin obtained a charter to assemble all Masons at York. It
was thus the order obtained and has ever since recognized the necessity of a
Grand Lodges and their Jurisdiction - A Grand Lodge has
jurisdiction over the territory of the State in which it is organized, and no
other Grand Body can exercise any authority or charter Lodges therein. It is
governed by the ancient usages and landmarks of the order, and acknowledges no
superior authority than these.
Jackson, James, Maj.-Gen. - Born in Devonshire, England, 21st
Sept. 1757, died at Washington, D. C., 15th March, 1806. He came to America in
1772, and read law in Savannah, Ga. In July, 1782, Gen. Wayne selected him to
receive the keys of Savannah from the British upon their evacuation. In 1778, he
was appointed a brig.-general of Georgia militia, and was wounded in the
engagement of Ogeechee. He was at the siege of Savannah in Oct. 1779, and at the
battle of Blackwater in 1780. Gen. Andrew Pickens made him his brigade-major in
1781. He participated in the siege of Augusta in June, 1781. He filled an
important post in the Southern revolutionary struggle. In 1778, he was elected
Governor of Georgia, but declined to serve. He was one of the first
representatives of Georgia in Congress after the organization of the Federal
Government, and from 1792 to 1795, a member of U.S. Senate. About this time he
was made a major-general. He assisted in framing the Constitution of Georgia,
and from 1798 to 1801, was their Governor, when he was again chosen U. S.
Senator. In 1785, in King Solomon’s Lodge, at Savannah, which had commenced its
work under an old oak-tree in 1733, and belonged to the Modern, we find his
first Masonic Records. In July, 1785, he proposed that they form themselves into
the Ancients, which was done. In 1786, when the Independent Grand Lodge was
formed, he was elected Dep. G. Master, and the following year elected Grand
master, which he held until 1789.
Number of Lodges in the various States, from 1816. In 1816, many of the Grand
Lodges were not formed, and hence no returns.
Georgia - 1816, No. of Lodges - 14; 1822, No. of Lodges - 20;
1859, No. of Lodges - 320; 1866, Members - 10,023 ( with returns from 162 out of
250 Lodges) and Initiated - 2,373.
United States Anti-Masonic Convention. -
This convention assembled at Philadelphia, 11th September, 1830. It was the
first formidable attempt of a national combination in opposition to Freemasonry.
There were 96 members, representing Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York,
Pennsylvania, Vermont, Rhode Island, Ohio, New jersey, Michigan, Maryland, and
Delaware. At that time but few persons of eminence were among the delegates, but
several of them, attaching themselves to other “issues,” and abandoning
political anti-masonry, subsequently became known. Among them were Francis
Granger, Henry Dana Ward, Frederick Whittlesey, Wm. H. Seward, N. Y., and Pliny
Merrick, Mass. The cement that bound such minds to men like David Bernard, Moses
Thatcher, Thaddeus Stevens, and Joseph Ritner, must have possessed powerful
magnetism. Francis Granger was made Prest., seconded by six Vice-Presidents. A
remarkable fact is, that no State west of Ohio or south of Maryland had a
delegate. Maine and New Hampshire refused the part assigned them, and sent no
delegate. Fourteen committees were appointed, and the questions relative to
Masonic rituals, history, and jurisprudence were divided among them. Mr. Seward
was to report resolutions expressive of the sentiments of the Convention. A
proposition to inquire into the pecuniary circumstances of the widow and
children of William Morgan was rejected, as “that was not the purpose for which
they had assembled.” Three gentlemen of North Carolina took their seats as
honorary members. The committee “on the effects of Masonic ties and obligations
on commerce and revenue of the U.S.,” were discharged without a report. In the
report of the influence of Masonry upon the public press, it was reported that
between 1826 and 1830 there had been 124 anti-masonic papers established, to
wit: Pennsylvania, 53; New York, 46; Connecticut, 2; Rhode Island, 1;
Massachusetts, 5; Vermont, 4; New Jersey, 2; Ohio, 9; Indiana, 1; Michigan,1. A
number of these journals simply kept quiet to see what the mountain would bring
forth, and when they found it to be a mouse, tacked about and retired from the
sinking anti-masonic vessel. The summing up of these profound deliberations
were: 1. That the expositions of Masonic secrets are true. 2. That Freemasonry
originated early in the 18th century. 3. That its oath are not obligatory. 4.
That adhering Masons are disqualified for public officers. 5. Masonry and its
principles are inconsistent with the genius of American Institutions. 6. That
Masonry should be extinguished at the ballot -box. 7. That the public Press are
evil. The Convention adjourned to meet at Baltimore, Sept. 26th, 1831, to
nominate candidates for President and Vice-President. The Convention nominated
Wm. Wirt and Amos Ellmaker for their standard-bearers. These renowned champions
went forth to battle, and brought as trophies from the field the electoral vote
of Vermont. But the dog was now dead; and the leading fanatical spirits
discarded it, as it ever was a worthless hotchpotch of the villainies of
broken-down political tricksters.
American Military Lodges. - The following are the military lodges
that were instituted in the American army during the revolutionary war.
St. John’s Regimental Lodge, in the U. S. Battalion, warranted by the G. L. of
New York, Feb. 24th, 1775.
American Union Lodge, in the Connecticut Line, warranted by the G. L. of
Massachusetts, Feb. 15th, 1776.
No. 19, in the 1st Regiment, Pennsylvania Artillery, warranted by G. L. of
Pennsylvania, May 18th, 1779.
Washington Lodge, in the Massachusetts Line, warranted by the Massachusetts G.
L., Oct. 6th, 1779.
No. 20, in North Carolina Regiment, warranted by the G. L. of Pennsylvania,
No. 27, in Maryland Line, warranted by G.,L. of Pennsylvania, April 4th, 1780.
No. 28, in Pennsylvania Line, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, _______1780.
No. 29, in Pennsylvania Line, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, July 27th,
No. 31, in New Jersey Line, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, March 26th,
No. 36, in New Jersey Line, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, Sept. 2d, 1782.
LIST OF GRAND CHAPTERS GEORGIA
Organized Feb 23d. 1821, Louisville and Augusta represented;
Subsequently approval and vote of officers forwarded by Chapters at Lexington,
Eastonton and Milledgeville - files in my possession imperfect.
Grand High Priests -
1822, Gov. William Schley, Louisville (died Nov. 20th, 1858)
1848, Wm. T. Gould, Augusta
1854-9, Philip T. Schley, Savannah
Grand Secretaries -
1823, Daniel Hook, Louisville
1848, W. H. Kitchen, Augusta
1854 to 1860, Benjamin B. Russell, Augusta
|No. 1 - Athens
||7 - Columbus
||13 - Marietta
||20 - Eatonton
||26 - Rome
||33 - Sandersville
||40 - Monroe
|2 - Augusta
||8 - Talbolton
||14 - Newbern
||21 - Warrenton
||27 - Greensboro
||34 - Newnan
||41 - Cedar Town
|3 - Savannah
||9 - Washington
||15 - Albany
||22 - Carrollton
||28 - McDonough
||35 - Zebulon; Cartersville
||42 - Americus
|4 - Macon
||10 - Griffin
||16 - Atlanta
||23 - Ellaville
||30 - Hamilton
||37 - Fayetteville
||43 - Covington
|5 - Forsyth
||11 - LaGrange
||17 - Lumpkin
||24 - Dalton
||31 - Cuthbert
||38 - Franklin
||44 - Thomasville
|6 - Milledgeville
||12 - Ft. Gaines
||18 - Fort Valley
||25 - Elberton
||32 - Lithonia
||39 - Lawrenceville
||45 - Blakely
Organized under Authority of the Grand Encampment of the U.S., or recognized by
it, since its formation, on first day of June 1816.
Georgia, at Augusta, May 5th, 1823
St. Omer at Macon, 26th July, and September, 1848.
St. Aldemar, at Columbus, December, 1857; Jan. 24th, 1860.
Comy. Coeur de Lion, at Atlanta, May 14th, 1859; September 17th, 1859.
Grand Encampment formed, April 25th, 1860.