Liberty Ships
World War II

Due to enemy U-boats during 1942, millions of tons of ships and cargo were lost during WWII.  This high loss necessitated the need for more ships that were stronger, larger, and can hold vast amounts of cargo.

During 1942 the U.S. Maritime Commission chose 16 sites around the nation to build what would be termed "Liberty Ships."  Brunswick was one of the towns chosen.

Headed by the J.A. Jones Construction Company, about 99 ships were built by the 16,000 plus employees of Brunswick's shipyards.  In 1943 the first keel was laid for one of these 447 foot, 3500 ton steel vessels, vessels that sailed across the oceans anonymously so that the enemy would have no idea as to what these ships were up too.  Four ships were produced each month, the last month of production, during the Battle of the Bulge, 6 ships were requested to be made.  The patriotic citizens of Brunswick rallied around their shipyards and produced seven vessels to aid the war effort.

Each ship was christened with a name before setting off, most named after important men of the time and of the nation's history.

Upon war's end in 1945, the J.A. Jones Construction Company closed the shipyards, on their way out, they donated a model of one of the Liberty Ships that was used in training the employees.  For many years this model sat at the foot of the St. Simons Island Causeway, eventually though, the model fell to ruins and had to be scrapped.

Around 1987 the local Navy League started raising funds to build a new model.  On 23 August 1991 a brand new 23 foot vessel was completed, making it the "100th Liberty Ship" build by Brunswick.  And, like all vessels before it, this ship was christened with a bottle of champagne and the name "City of Brunswick".

 

Ships Built in Brunswick

  SHIP  DAYS  KEEL LAID  LAUNCHED  ALLOCATED TO  END
James M. Wayne 305 07-06-42 03-13-43 Waterman Steamship Co. scrapped
William B. Woods 314 07-21-42 04-07-43 A.H. Bull & Co. torpedo, Italy, sank
Joseph R. Lamar 320 08-01-42 04-29-43 A.G.W.I. Lines, Inc. scrapped
Thomas Todd 320 08-14-72 05-19-43 Standard Fruit Steamship Co. reserve fleet
Robert Trimble 325 08-29-42 06-21-43 A.G.W.I. Lines, Inc. scrapped
John Catron 331 09-03-42 07-11-43 Amer. Foreign Steamship, Co. reserve fleet
John McKinley 150 03-23-43 07-31-43 Dichman, Wright & Pugh scrapped
John A. Campbell 140 01-13-43 08-14-43 Moore-McCormack Lines, Inc. scrapped
John M. Harlan 134 05-05-43 08-29-43 Moore-McCormack Lines, Inc. scrapped
Howell E. Jackson 126 05-22-43 09-06-43 Marine Transport scrapped
Edward D. White 100 06-22-43 09-20-43 A.H. Bull & Co. reserve fleet
Horace H. Lurton 99 07-12-43 10-07-43 Cosmopolitan Shipping Co. scrapped
Henry W. Grady 91 07-31-43 10-22-43 Wilmore Steamship Co. reserve fleet
James A. Wetmore 89 08-14-43 10-30-43 William J. Rountree Co., Inc. scrapped
Frederick Bartholdi 83 08-29-43 11-09-43 West India Steamship Co. on rocks Scotland
John B. Gordon 81 09-06-43 11-16-43 T.J. Stevenson & Co., Inc. scrapped
Edward P. Alexander 70 09-21-43 11-23-43 Wilmore Steamship Co. aground Vera Cruz
Robert Battey 63 10-08-43 11-30-43 Cosmopolitan Shipping Co. aground Mindanao
Samdee 55 10-23-43 12-09-43 His Majesty's Service scrapped
Joe C.S. Blackburn 58 10-30-43 12-15-43 Black Diamond Steamship Co. floating dock Portland
John B. Lennon 51 11-10-43 12-22-43 Smith & Johnson scrapped
George G. Crawford 58 11-16-43 01-01-44 American Range Liberty S.S. Co. scrapped
David B. Johnson 62 11-23-43 01-13-44 Wilmore Steamship Co. scrapped
Howard E. Coffin 62 11-30-43 01-21-44 South Atlantic Steamship Co. scrapped
R. Ney McNeely 63 12-09-43 01-29-44 South Atlantic Steamship Co. conversion USN
Benjamin H. Hill 65 12-16-43 02-07-44 A.L. Burbank Co. reserve fleet
Joseph M. Terrell 65 12-23-43 02-14-44 R.A. Nichol & Co. scrapped
Robert R. Livingston 57 01-03-44 02-21-44 A.H. Bull Co. scrapped
Samalness 56 01-15-44 02-29-44 His Majesty's Service aground, Spain, sunk
Isaac Shelby 56 01-22-44 03-06-44 Smith & Johnson Co. mine, Italy, sank
Samfairy 57 01-31-44 03-16-44 His Majesty's Service scrapped
Samfoyle 52 02-08-44 03-23-44 His Majesty's Service scrapped
Samfinn 59 02-14-44 03-13-44 His Majesty's Service scrapped
Samvigna 58 02-22-44 04-08-44 His Majesty's Service scrapped
Samselbu 56 03-01-44 04-16-44 His Majesty's Service mine, Belgian, sank
Samleyte 53 03-07-44 04-20-44 His Majesty's Service scrapped
Samaustral 58 03-16-44 04-28-44 His Majesty's Service scrapped
Samingoy 50 03-24-44 04-30-44 His Majesty's Service reef, Vera Cruz
Samlorian 55 04-01-44 05-14-44 His Majesty's Service scrapped
Samoland 60 04-10-44 05-20-44 His Majesty's Service aground Ymuiden
Donald W. Bain 61 04-17-44 05-25-44 The Norton Lilly Management aground Civitavechia
Augustine B. McManus 64 04-21-44 06-10-44 William Rountree Co., Inc reserve fleet
James B. Duke 62 04-29-44 04-19-44 Wessel Duval Co. reserve fleet
W.P. Few 63 05-01-44 06-22-44 Isbrandtsen Steamship Co., Inc. scrapped
Alexander S. Clay 61 05-15-44 06-30-44 South Atlantic Steamship Co. scrapped
F. Southall Farrar 59 05-24-44 07-04-44 Union Sulphur Col scrapped
James W. Cannon 62 05-25-44 07-12-44 International Freighting Corp., Inc. scrapped
Frank Park 51 06-10-44 07-21-44 U.S. Navigation Co. scrapped
Eugene T. Chamberlain 55 06-19-44 08-01-44 Isbrandtsen Steamship Co., Inc. hold for Vietnam
Thomas B. King 57 06-23-44 08-07-44 Wessel Duval Co. reserve fleet
R. Walton Moore 56 07-01-44 08-14-44 Parry Navigation Co. scrapped
Niels Poulson 61 07-06-44 08-18-44 Dichman Wright & Pugh Co. mine, Italy, scrap
Arthur J. Tyrer 49 07-13-44 08-22-44 Grace Lines reserve fleet
Cassius Hudson 54 07-22-44 08-31-44 Alcoa Steamship Co., Inc. mine, tow mine, sank
Lunsford Richardson 51 08-02-44 09-09-44 Wm. J. Rountree Co., Inc. scrapped
Johan Printz 53 08-07-44 09-18-44 Parry Navigation Co. reserve fleet
Charles S. Haight 49 08-15-44 09-23-44 Marine Transit Co. aground, burned, Mass
R.J. Reynolds 54 08-19-44 09-30-44 Black Diamond S.S. Corp. scrapped
Duncan L. Clinch 59 08-22-44 10-06-44 American Export Co. mine, Haveroads, sank
Abigail Gibbons 54 09-01-44 10-12-44 American Foreign S.S. Co. reserve fleet
Charles W. Stiles 52 09-09-44 10-18-44 Seas Shipping Co., Inc. scrapped
Murray M. Blum 49 09-19-44 10-25-44 Mississippi Shipping Co., Inc. reserve fleet
Laura Bridgman 51 09-23-44 10-30-44 Seas Shipping Co., Inc. scrapped
Richard Randall 45 10-02-44 11-04-44 Isbrandtsen Steamship Co., Inc. scrapped
Edward R. Squibb 46 10-06-44 11-09-44 West India Steamship Co. reserve fleet
John H. Hammond 45 10-13-44 11-15-44 William J. Rountree Co., Inc. mine, Elba, scrap
Albert K. Smiley 41 10-20-44 11-21-44 International Freighting scrapped
Ira Nelson Morris 43 10-26-44 11-25-44 Seas Shipping Co., Corp., Inc. scrapped
George W. Norris 42 10-31-44 12-02-44 Prudential Steamship Corp. aground, Japan, sank
Arthur M. Hulbert 42 11-04-44 12-06-44 Alcoa Steamship Co., Inc. scrapped
M.E. Comerford 40 11-10-44 12-12-44 Merchants & Minors Trans. Co. scrapped
Felix Riesenberg 40 11-16-44 12-14-44 American West African Line Nenana, renamed
Robert J. Banks (Vadso) 39 11-21-44 12-20-44 Nortraship (Norwegian Govt.) scrapped
William F. Jerman 34 11-27-44 12-23-44 Black Diamond Steamship Co. scrapped
William Cox 37 12-04-44 12-30-44 Bildberg Rothchild Co., Inc. scrapped
George R. Poole 43 12-07-44 01-08-45 Stockard Steamship Co. scrapped
Harold O. Wilson 43 12-12-44 01-12-45 U.S. Navigation Co. scrapped
James Bennett Moore 47 12-15-44 01-19-45 A.L. Burbank & Co., Lim. reserve fleet
Halton R. Carey 48 12-21-44 01-25-45 American Liberty S.S. scrapped
Harold Dossett 51 12-26-44 01-30-45 Morton Lilly Management Corp. reserve fleet
Patrick S. Mahony 54 13-30-44 02-10-45 Black Diamond Steamship Corp. scrapped
Richard A. Van Pelt 50 01-09-45 02-17-45 Atlantic Overseas Corp. scrapped
Charles C. Randleman 57 01-15-45 02-25-45 American Foreign S.S. Co. reef Philippines, sank
Roy James Cole 66 01-23-45 02-28-45 Bidberg Rothchild Co., Inc. renamed Dolphin
Patrick B. Whalen 60 01-29-45 03-15-45 Isbrandtsen Co., Inc. scrapped
Lock Knot 119 02-05-45 03-23-45 American Export Lines, Inc. Brunswick museum
Ring Splice 137 02-13-45 04-12-45 American Export Lines, Inc.  
Sinnet 147 02-20-45 04-21-45 U.S. Lines Company  
Crown and Diamond 157 02-27-45 04-28-45 Lykes Brothers S.S. Co., Inc.  
Bell Ringer 162 03-02-45 05-08-45 Waterman Steamship Corp.  
Rigger's Eye 160 03-21-45 05-22-45 U.S. Lines Company  
Span Splice 163 04-02-45 05-29-45 Lykes Brothers S.S. Co., Inc.  
True Knot 180 04-16-45 06-06-45 Marine Transport Lines, Inc.  
Shell Bar 151 04-30-45 06-19-45 Moore McCormack Lines Inc.  
Mooring Hitch 169 05-07-45 06-28-45 States Marine Corp.  
Tag Knot 137 05-15-45 07-14-45 American Export Lines Inc.  
Coastal Mariner 158 05-26-45 08-11-45 A.H. Bull & Co.  
Coastal Captain 166 05-31-45 08-17-45 A.G.W.I. Lines, Inc.  
Coastal Ranger   06-07-45 08-25-45 North Atlantic & Gulf S.S. Co.  

 

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