Coastal Georgia Biographies
AIKEN, Frank D.
Frank D. Aiken, ship broker, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, son of Isaac and Fannie M. (Bryan) Aiken, was born on Hurd's Island, McIntosh Co., Georgia, 14 July 1861. Mr. Aiken's father, of Irish lineage, was born in Winnsboro, South Carolina, came to Georgia in 1854, and after the war between the states went to Pensacola, Florida, where he now resides. He enlisted in 1861, and was captain of Company B, 47th Georgia Regiment, in which capacity he served until 1864, when he was assigned to the special duty of collecting the taxes from five counties in Georgia. His mother was of English descent, and was the daughter of P.M. and Mary (Ellison) Bryan, of New Berne, North Carolina. Mr. Aiken, when only thirteen years old and a poor boy, began life for himself. What education he had was mainly obtained at Darien, Georgia. In 1887 he embarked in the ship brokerage business in Brunswick, and in 1889 established planing mills. In both these enterprises he has been eminently successful--prospered from the start--an has attained enviable honorable prominence locally and abroad, in the commercial world. He is (and has been since 1888) a director of the board of trade, and has been a director of the Merchants' and Trader' Bank since its organization. He was a member of the city board of aldermen two years; in January, 1894 he was elected county commissioner, and in January, 1895, was elected treasurer of the county. In addition to the above he has held several other positions of public trust. He is also second vice-president of the Brunswick Club, the only social club in the city. He was first lieutenant of the Brunswick Light Horse Guards until the troop was discharged for the purpose of reorganizing into a naval reserve artillery, which company of fifty-six men--the first and only company of Georgia's navy--he is now commander of. Mr. Aiken's present important and highly honorable relations to the commercial interests of this prospectively great southern seaport, gives promise of an exceedingly brilliant future. Mr. Aiken was married in January 1894, to Miss Frances B., daughter of Mallory P. King, and granddaughter of the distinguished Thomas Butler King, of ante-bellum fame, half a century ago one of the foremost of Georgia's statesmen.
W. Arnold, proprietor of "Ocean View House," St. Simons Island, Glynn Co., Georgia, is a son of Frederick Arnold, and was born in Prussia 4 March 1846. His father was a native of Bromberg, Germany, where he spent his days, and where he died in 1849. Mr. Arnold's father gave him a good education preparatory to his studying for the profession of an architect. At the age of seventeen he commenced life for himself, without financial means. In 1869 he came to the United States, and after a short stop in New York came to Tattnall Co., Georgia in 1870. Later he determined to settle permanently on St. Simons Island. Selecting the most eligible site, commanding and expansive "ocean view," he purchased thirty acres on the ocean beach, and has built and conducts in luxurious style and on the most liberal scale "Ocean View House," which is fast gaining the distinction of being one of the most attractive, delightful, and popular of the summer resorts on the south Atlantic coast. Mr. Arnold was married in 1881 to Miss Anna F., daughter of Charles and Sarah (Hay) Stevens, natives respectively of Denmark and England. Mr. Stevens came to this country when about twenty-two years old, and died in Fort Delaware during the war, when about fifty years old. Mrs. Stevens (nee Hay) came to the United States when about eighteen years of age, is still living, and is about seventy-seven years old. Mr. and Mrs. Arnold were blessed with two children, Leopold and Winniebauld. Mr. Arnold is a member of the Lutheran, and Mrs. Arnold is a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church.
R.C. Baumgartner, meat merchant, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, fourth of ten children, is a son of John and Anna (Naven Schwander) Baumgartner, and was born in Bene, Switzerland 13 May 1858. His father was a farmer and dairyman, who came to this country in 1867, and settled first in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, but in 1873 removed to South Pittsburg, Tennessee. Here his father died in 1884, aged fifty-nine years; and his mother died in 1891, aged sixty-three years. R.C. Baumgartner, when about twenty years of age, left the parental roof--his only capital a hopeful spirit, an honest purpose and a brave heart--to fight the battle of life. His success demonstrates how wisely and how well he has used his capital. In 1882 he came to Brunswick, which has since been his home. By close attention to business, acting justly, and being scrupulously careful about his meats, he has established a good reputation and secured a permanent paying patronage. Mr. Baumgartner was married 17 February 1883, to Miss Amelia, daughter of Van Hauten--himself a native of the United States, but whose father was a native of Holland and whose mother was a native of France. The following children are the offspring of this union: Carl Jackson, Lottie Amelia, Hugh Edward, and Ellen. Mrs. Baumgartner is a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Mr. Baumgartner has been exalted to the royal arch degree in Masonry and is treasurer of the local chapter.
WYATT DeREVERE BARCLAY was born in Clarksville, Ga., November 13, 1861, and is of English and Scotch parentage. His father's name was Elihu Stuart Barclay, and his grandfather bore the same name. His grandfather was one of three brothers who came to this country from Scotland some time during the seventeenth century and located at Lexington, Va. He was descended from the house of Stuarts, and always retained the name of the house in his own cognomen. Elihu S., father of our subject was born in Habersham County, Ga., and was educated for a lawyer, but abandoned the profession on the breaking out of war, and never thought it practicable to resume it, on account of the changed condition of affairs. He was extensively engaged in the timber business, and was long inspector of timber in Darien. He died in 1879. Our subject's mother's maiden name was Helen Stanford, daughter of Col. John R. Stanford, who was a cousin of Senator Leland Stanford, of California, and Moses B. Stanford, of Brooklyn, N.Y. Mr. Barclay is also related to the Charltons, of Georgia. He is the third of five children, the others being John S., who is now dead, Rosa V., Zoa Ledger and Helen Eliza. He is a self-educated man. He located in Darien in 1876, and began the world as a printer. He has worked at his trade constantly since, but was elected clerk of the superior court of McIntosh County in 1885, re-elected in 1887, and now holds that position. As evidence of Mr. Barclay's popularity, it may be stated that he polled more votes than was ever polled before in the county for said position. He is a Mason, member of Live Oak Lodge, No. 137, and is also a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the Episcopal Church.
W.H. BERRIE was born in Glenn [sic] County, Ga., October 31, 1846. He is a son of W.E. and Matilda Berrie. His father was born near Fernandina, Fla., August 26, 1805, while Florida was yet under the Spanish government. He afterwards moved to Camden County, Ga., where he was a planter for a number of years, moving to Glenn County in 1830. At this early date the Indians were yet plentiful and conflicts between them and the whites not infrequent. Mr. Berrie enlisted in a volunteer company of Georgians organized by Capt. Wilson of Camden County, in 1835, and went to Florida to help quell the Indian troubles of that date. He afterwards settled in Glenn County, Ga., where he has since lived. He is a man of remarkable vitality, being now more than eighty-three years of age and yet actively engaged in business. W.H. Berrie’s mother, whose maiden name was Matilda Piles, was a daughter of a well-to-do planter in Glenn County, and at one time he owned a great deal of land about the city of Brunswick. Mr. Berrie is one of a family of three children and the only one that ever reached maturity. He was going to school to a private preceptor when the war commenced but he quit school to join the army. In December, 1863, he enlisted in Company B, Fourth Georgia cavalry. He was in the engagement at Ocean Pond and saw some service on skirmish lines at other points. He was captured at Fort Gates, on the St. John’s river in Florida, April 1, 1864, and was taken to Fort Lafayette in New York harbor, where he was kept ten months, then transferred to Ft. Delaware, where he was kept till the war closed. He then returned to Savannah, and, having lost all the he had, literally began life afoot by walking from Savannah to Brunswick, his former home. He engaged in planting and in getting out timber, at which he succeeded fairly well for some years. He filled a clerkship in the drug business in Brunswick for different parties very successfully for a number of years. He was elected and re-elected ordinary of the county a number of times, having filled that office about ten years, during which time he filled some clerical positions with credit to himself. In 1876, he became connected with the Brunswick and Western Railroad and remained in its employ till 1882. He has been alderman and chairman of the council of the city of Brunswick and has always taken an active interest in her municipal affairs. He has held the office of sheriff of Glenn [sic] County four years, having been elected first in 1885. He was married January 26, 1871, to Miss Theresa Bailey, of Brunswick, who is a daughter of Henry Bailey an extensive rice planter of Camden County before the war. This union has been blessed with six children, all of whom are living and whose names are, in the order of their ages: Annie T., Harry O., Theodore W., Mary E., W.H. and Kenneth S. Referring to Mr. Berrie’s whole record, there can be no higher praise bestowed on it, than to say that he was never refused any position he asked for whether private or public.
F.D. Biggs, liveryman, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, is a son of Daniel and Olive (Collins) Biggs, natives of North Carolina, and was born at Antioch, North Carolina 31 July 1858. Daniel was a son of William Biggs, who came from England to the United States when a boy. Mr. Biggs was educated at Trinity College, North Carolina. When he reached manhood he began life for himself, relying on his own resources and pluck for success. He has lived in three states, and filled several public offices, having been a justice of the peace in Baldwin Co., Alabama, and Escambia Co., Florida, and is now successfully running a liver stable in Brunswick. Mr. Biggs married Miss Cinderilla, daughter of Malcolm and Frances (Turner) Baggett--both Floridians--in 1881. He is a member of the A.O.U.W.; the I.O.O.F.; the Knights of Pythias; the Knights of Honor; and of the Kappa Sigma fraternity. Popular, obliging, and enterprising, he is sure to swell to handsome property his already large surplus.
BLOUNT, Thomas Butler
T.B. BLOUNT. Some time during the year 1700, McGregor Blount, accompanied by two brothers, left his home in Scotland and came to America, stopping on the Atlantic coast in one of the Carolinas. He was the captain of a coast wise vessel and followed the business of a seaman for some years up and down the Atlantic sea-board. Afterwards he located on St. Simon’s Island, Glenn [sic] County, Ga., where he married a Miss Basden, a descendant of the Mac Basdens, an old Scotch family. Of the offspring of this marriage one son, Edmond M. Blount, was born on St. Simon’s Island in 1810. Leaving there at the age of sixteen he went to Darien and began life there as a printer. He founded the Darien Gazette and was connected with it five or six years. During his residence there he was also city marshal and judge of the inferior court. He lived in Savannah a while, where he was engaged in the general brokerage business. He managed by industry and economy to accumulate quite a fortune, but as was the case of many others, it was all swept away during the war. He died in Darien in 1866. During his lifetime he was married to Miss Evalina G. Myers, by whom he had four children, namely: Edmond M., Jr., J.H., T.B., and Mary Elizabeth. The third of these, T.B. Blount, is the subject of our sketch. He was born in Darien, November 24, 1842, received a common school education, and in 1860 went to savannah to learn the machinist’s trade. He was there only three years when the war came on with all its unsettling effects. Young Blount enlisted immediately in a Confederate company called the “Republican Blues.” He was with this company six months, when he returned to Darien and joined a local company there called the “United Rebels.” He was afterwards also a member of the Fifth Georgia State Troops, and following this he joined the Liberty County independent troop of cavalry, with which he remained until the close of the war. The first battle of note that he was in was at Olustee, Fla. Returning to Georgia he was in a number of engagements, particularly in the northern part of the State. He was in the raid into Tennessee and Kentucky made for the purpose of cutting off Sherman’s supplies; crossed into Virginia and was in the battle of Saltville, where Burbage was defeated and the salt works saved. Returning to Georgia he met Kilpatrick at Bear Creek Station. Here his company fell into the rear of Sherman, who was then on his celebrated march to the sea, and was in daily conflict with him. On Sherman’s return to Savannah Mr. Blount’s company fell back, skirmishing along the line. He was in the battle of Bentonville and finally surrendered at Greenville, N.C., in the spring of 1865. Returning to Darien, Mr. Blount found the town burned and the people all refugeed; but with their gradual return business soon began to open up and Mr. Blount went to work in a sawmill, afterwards taking employment at the carpenter’s trade. On May 15, 1875, he was elected sheriff of his county and has continued in the office for fourteen years up to date.
HENRY A. BLUE was born in McIntosh
County, Ga., December 3, 1854, a son of Alexander and Angel (Younge)
Blue. The mother was born in Charleston, S.C., went to England in early
life, where she was educated, returned to America at the age of twenty and was
soon thereafter married. Alexander Blue was born in Campbell County,
Ga. Both parents are still living, and reside in Fulton County, Ga. They are
members of the Episcopal Church. Their children are: Mary C.,
Alexander P., Leticia, Frederic C. and Henry A. The
father is a rice planter on the coast. He graded about thirty miles of the East
Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia R.R. and about the same distance on the
Brunswick and L.B. Albany R.R.
SAMUEL BORCHARD, attorney at law, was born in Macon, Ga., July 7, 1859. He is a son of Abram and Jeanette Borchardt. Abram Borchardt was born in Prussian-Polan, February 26, 1835. He is a son of Raphael and Bertha Borchardt. The former died in 1848 of the cholera, the latter several years after. Abram Borchardt immigrated to America in 1852, stopping successively in New York City, Albany, N.Y., Bridgeport and New Haven, Conn. He finally located in Macon, Ga., about the year 1863, where he remained for fifteen years, removing to Brunswick, where he has since resided. Jeanette Borchardt died January 31, 1861, at the early age of twenty-three, leaving as her only child Samuel. Abram Borchardt afterward married Miss Amelia Fendig, sister of his former wife, by whom he had these children: Benjamin, Bertha, Tilly, Raphael, Joseph, Rosa and Ida. Our subject was educated partly in Macon and partly in Brunswick. He finished his education at the high-school in Rensselaer, Ind. Leaving there in 1879, he located in Brunswick, and in 1880 began to read law in the office of Mershon & Smith. He was admitted to the bar the same year. He soon acquired a fair practice, and there being a vacancy in the office of solicitor of Glynn County, in 1882, he was appointed to fill out an unexpired term. Having given satisfaction, he was elected for a term of four years, and served out that term satisfactorily. Mr. Borchardt is a careful, painstaking lawyer, a hard student, and being yet a young man, has much in store for him. He is a member of the Hebrew order of “B’nai B’rith,” also of the Knights of Pythias. He has been secretary and president of the former order and keeper of the records and seals of the latter. He was married October 18, 1886, to Miss Tilly Fending, at Rensselaer, Ind., only daughter of Ralph Fendig, a prominent merchant of that place. He is a member of the Hebrew Church.
BRANHAM, Alfred Iverson
ALFRED IVERSON BRANHAM was
born January 5, 1855, at Lumpkin, Stewart County, Ga. He is a son of I.R.
and Julia (Iverson) Branham. He is of Scotch-Irish stock on his father’s
side and Danish on his mother’s. Both the Branhams and Iversons
are old and distinguished families in Georgia. The founder of the Branham
family in America came to Virginia and settled some time in 1700. From there the
grandfather of Alfred Iverson Branham emigrated to Georgia about the year
1800 and settled in Eatonton, which has since been recognized as the family
homestead. I.R. Branham, father of Alfred I., was born at Eatonton
in 1826 and still lives there. He was educated for a lawyer and practiced some
years, but his hearing becoming bad he quit the profession and began teaching
school. He has been teaching now more than forty years and has been one of the
most successful educators in the State.
HON. BENJAMIN D. BRANTLEY, of
Blackshear, Ga., was born in Laurens County, Ga., January 14, 1832. His parents
were Benjamin and Elizabeth (Daniel) Brantley. The father was born
and reared in North Carolina, and moved from there to Georgia, where he married
the mother of the subject of this sketch. His occupation was that of a planter,
which he pursued with considerable success up to the time of his death, which
occurred when he was yet a young man. The mother was reared in Laurens County,
Ga., and bore her husband six children, of whom the subject of this sketch was
the youngest. His youth was spent in Montgomery and Laurens counties, Ga., where
he attended the common schools. In 1858 he removed to Blackshear and engaged in
the mercantile business on a small scale, the firm being known as “Brantley &
Douglas,” until 1860, when Mr. Brantley purchased his partner’s
interest. In 1870 Judge W.M. Sessions became a partner and the firm was
known as “Brantley & Co.” In 1875 Mr. Brantley bought the interest of
Judge Sessions. The business has prospered, owing to Mr. Brantley’s
business sagacity, and it is the largest mercantile house in Blackshear. Mr.
Brantley is the wealthiest man in Pierce County. In 1863 he joined the
Confederate service as a private in the Fourth Georgia cavalry, but served only
a short time. In January, 1864, he was elected clerk of the superior and
inferior courts of Pierce County and served until 1868. In 1873-74 he
represented his county in the legislature and has been treasurer of Pierce
County since 1876. Mr. Brantley is a self-made man, and considering the
disadvantages of his earlier days, he deserves great credit for his success in
W.G. Brantley, solicitor general of Brunswick circuit court, is the son of B.D. and Jeanette (McCrae) Brantley, natives respectively of Laurens and Montgomery Counties, Georgia, and was born in Blackshear, Pierce Co., Georgia, 18 September 1860. His father was a merchant and died leaving a very prosperous business which had been continued as "The A.P. Brantley Co." His mother is still living at Blackshear. Her parents emigrated to this country from Scotland, locating in Montgomery County. Mr. Brantley was liberally educated in the public schools and at the university of Georgia. He read law under Hon. John C. Nichols, Blackshear, was admitted to the bar in 1882, and was at once accepted as a partner by his Blackstonian preceptor, under the firm name of Nichols & Brantley. Two years later he retired from the firm and practiced by himself. In 1884 he represented Pierce County, and afterward the third senatorial district in the general assembly. In 1888 he was elected solicitor-general of Brunswick circuit and reelected in 1892. When a member of the senate he took a very prominent part in the passage of the telegraph bill of 1887, and in opposition to the sale of the Western & Atlantic railroad. As solicitor-general he has been exceptionally successful, and is considered one of the ablest of the state's officials. Mr. Brantley also stands high as a practical business man. The best evidence of the estimation in which his professional ability and statesmanlike qualities are held, lies in the fact that he was tendered the judgeship of Brunswick circuit, and other equally honorable official positions. His name was also mentioned in connection with the seat in the United States senate made vacant by the death of Senator A.H. Colquitt. these very flattering manifestations of appreciation, however, fail to inflate or unbalance him. He is as unassuming as his thousands of admiring friends regard him preeminently able.
BRIESENICK, John Ferdinand Ernest
E. BRIESENICK, Brunswick, Ga., is the founder of the Briesenick iron and brass works, on Bay street, and general merchandising store at 175 Newcastle street. The firm make [sic] prompt estimates on all standard machinery, keep in stock iron and steel pipe and fittings, Babbitt metal, boiler rivets, rubber packing, belting and hose; they also make a specialty of shafting, pulleys and hangers, and are agents for Selden’s direct acting steam pump, and for Tanner and Delaney steam engines and boilers, and also for cotton presses, saw-mills and cane-mills. E. Briesenick was born in Berlin, Germany, August 28, 1831, and is the eldest of the three surviving children born to William and Dorothea (York) Briesenick, the other two children being Augusta and Robert. He learned the machinist’s trade in his native land, and came to the United States in 1850 or 1851, landing in New York city; worked there at his trade six months, and then went to Bridgeport, Conn., where he was foreman of a machine shop until 1866, when he went to Butler County, Pa., where he established and conducted a hotel for three and a half years, and also served as justice of the peace. He next returned to Bridgeport, Conn., and for a short time worked at his trade; then went to Birmingham, Conn., where he had charge of a machine and tool shop three years; his next position was the charge of the tool department of a brass mill in Ansonia, Conn., which position he held until 1869, when he moved to Brunswick, Ga., and established his present business. In 1854 he married Anna Trueman, who became the mother of three children—Charles William, Dorothea and Robert E. The eldest, Charles William, graduated in medicine from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Keokuk, Iowa, in 1883; he is married, has two children, Jennie and Dorothea, and is now located at Costello, Pa., practicing his profession. Dorothea Briesenick married George Shelton, and has three children—Earnest, Robert and Clara. Robert, the third child of our subject, is the business manager of, and a partner in the iron and brass works, and is a young man possessed of fine business qualifications. Mrs. Anna Briesenick died in 1865; our subject next married Sarah A. Shelton, who died in 1883, and in August, 1887, Mr. Briesenick married Elsa von Beglerbeg.
Hugh Burford, physician and surgeon, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, son of Dr. William B. and Laura (Bryant) Burford, natives, respectively, of South Carolina and Georgia, was born in Hall County, Georgia, 2 June 1852. During his childhood his parents removed to Ringgold, Catoosa Co., Georgia, where his father enjoyed a large and lucrative practice. Here, in the schools of Ringgold, was laid the foundation of his education; the higher or collegiate education contemplated was cut off by reverses consequent upon the war between the states. After the battle of Chickamauga the family refugeed to Orange County, Florida, where young Burford's education was completed under the private tutorage of Rev. Dr. Bell, distinguished for his superior ability as an educator and for his strict religious discipline. After a brief experience in mercantile pursuits, he, with J. Ira Gore as a partner, established and published the Florida "State Journal," a weekly paper at Cedar Keys, Florida. Later he sold his interest in the enterprise to his partner and began the study of medicine under the preceptorship of his father, and in 1875 took his first course of medical lectures at the Savannah Medical College. During the yellow fever epidemic in Savannah in 1876 several of the professors fell victims to its ravages and the college exercises were suspended, so that he did not graduate until 1879, when he graduated at the head of his class. He took an active part and rendered efficient service during the epidemic until prostrated by yellow fever, and then for four years--1877-80--was assistant to the surgeon in the marine hospital, enjoying a good private practice in the city, beside discharging the duties of demonstrator of anatomy in Savannah Medical College, to which he was elected 1879. Family and estate matters at his home in Florida necessitated his going there, thus breaking up the prosperous future promised in Savannah. He spent about a year in assisting his widowed mother in settling up his father's business and then, in 1882, came to Brunswick, which has since been his home. While Dr. Burford pays special attention to gynecology and obstetrics he practices in every branch of his profession, in which he has been phenomenally successful, enjoys and extensive practice, ranks among the most eminent of the profession in the state and has attained an enviable national reputation. He is by general consent regarded as the most popular and prominent physician in Brunswick. He is president of the board of health, and in that capacity devoted his untiring efforts to alleviate suffering during the yellow fever epidemic of 1893. he is acting assistant surgeon in the marine hospital service at Brunswick; member of the Georgia State Medical Association; of the National Association Railway Surgeons of the United States. He is also the medical examiner at Brunswick for the following named insurance companies: New York Life, New York Mutual, Equitable, New Jersey Benefit Mutual, Pennsylvania Mutual, Manhattan, Phoenix, Massachusetts Benefit, United States, Maryland Life, Fidelity and Casualty Company, Massachusetts Mutual Benefit, and several others. Dr. Burford was married in July, 1883, to Miss Mary K.--born in Tarrytown, New York--daughter of Edward M. and Frances (Rathbone) Hopkins of Savannah, and to them three children have been born: Hugh aged eleven; Dorothy aged five; and an infant not named. Dr. Burford is a member of the I.O.O.F., a master Mason, and a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Mrs. Burford is a devoted member of the Presbyterian Church.
R.E.L. Burford, M.D., physician and surgeon and United States sanitary inspector, marine hospital service, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, is a son of John and Almeda (Thompson) Burford, and was born in Anderson Co., Kentucky, 2 March 1861. His father, who is a breeder of and dealer in blooded horses and cattle in the famous "blue grass region of Kentucky," is of English and his mother of Scotch descent. Dr. Burford graduated from Georgetown college, Georgetown, Kentucky, and also from the medical university of Louisville, Kentucky, and passed the best examinations in all the branches taught, receiving the class honors. He also made an excellent record in his literary studies. One month after graduation Dr. Burford located and opened an office in Brunswick, Georgia, and at once gained the confidence and esteem of the people. In September, 1893, unexpectedly and wholly unsolicited by him, he was appointed United States sanitary inspector, marine hospital service at Brunswick, Georgia, and placed in charge of the government station at that port. He has rapidly risen in public estimation and attained to an enviable and well-deserved reputation in his profession. He has already won by his demonstrated superior ability, a large lucrative patronage. In the highest and most honorable sense of the term, he is a gentleman, and is sure to win his way to professional eminence. He is a member of the I.O.O.F.
BURROUGHS, Dr. William
Dr. William Berrien Burroughs, of Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, bears an old and distinguished name in Georgia. He can probably trace his ancestry back as far on both sides as any man in the state. The antiquity and prominence of the Burroughs name are seen from the following heraldic records: "The first attempt to reach China by this route (Nova Zembla) was made by the Muscovy or Russian company in 1553, under Sir Hugh Willoughby in three ships, with Richard Chanceller as pilot major. The leader and two vessels with seventy men were lost on the coast of Lapland; the third ship, under command of Capt. Stephen Burroughs with Chancellor, reached the White Sea safely and commercial relations were established with Russia. In 1556 Capt. Stephen Burroughs had chief command of another expedition. He doubled Cape North, touched at Nova Zembla, discovered the island Wygatz and Wygatz Straits, which separate Nova Zembla from the then supposed continent, and reached north latitude seventy degrees, three minutes--a higher point than had been reached by any previous navigator. He returned to England and published an account of his observations. He was the first who observed the declination of the magnetic needle. Following is the coat of arms as given in the best books on heraldry: "'Azure, a Bend wavy argent between two Fleurs de lis Ermine,' and was assigned and granted by Robert Cooke, of Clarencieux, 27 January 1586, in the twenty-ninth year of Queen Elizabeth, to William Burroughs, Esq., clerk and comptroller of the queen's navy, son of Walter Burroughs, Esq., descended from the Burroughs at Northam, near Barnstable in the county of Devon." Sir John Burroughs was grandson of William Burroughs, of Sandwich Kent, by the daughter of Basil Gasell of Newkirk, Bralant, and garter king of arms. He received a classical education and afterward studied law at Grey's Inn. In 1623 he was appointed keeper of records in the tower of London. In June of the same year the earl marshal, to whom he was secretary, appointed him herald extraordinary. On 30 December of the same year he was made king of arms at Arundel House in the Strand. He received the favor of knighthood 17 July 1624. In 1634 he was made garter principal. He attended his sovereign, Charles I, when he went to Scotland to be crowned in 1633. On 14 April 1636, he obtained a grant to entitle him to the fees of his office of garter while employed beyond the sea in the king's special service. He died 21 October 1643, leaving two sons and two daughters. His son John was knighted by Charles II. The family has continued in London to the present day. Silas M. Burroughs, the head of the largest drug house in the world--Burroughs, Wellcome & Co., of London--is one of this family. John is a family name, for we find in English history John Burroughs, a divine who died in 1386. He was D.D. of Cambridge, rector of Collingham, Nottinghamshire; appointed 1 July 1384, to the post of chancellor of his university. Another John, a Benedictine who flourished in 1340, was the author of some books on travels. The progenitor of the family in America was John, born in England, Dorsetshire County, in 1617, and came to America and landed at Salem, Massachusetts, about 1642. He was a member of the long parliament that assembled 3 November 1640, which was dissolved by Cromwell, and with many others fled from England to escape religious prosecution. He moved from Salem to Long Island, New York, early in the forties. Long Island was then occupied by the Camassee Indians. He was one of the original settlers of Middleburg in 1652 and paid his share of "the Indian rate," one pound, ten shillings, in 1656. On 13 March 1662, he was elected town clerk and clerk of the court. He was one of the seven patentees of Newtown in 1666. Being a leading man and skillful penman, quite a rare accomplishment in those days, he was continued in office as town clerk for eleven years, and at his death, in August 1678 (his will is on record in New York and an original copy is still in possession of the family of Mr. George Wyckoff Burroughs), his eldest son was elected to fill his position and held the office for many years. His family continue in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut. Benjamin Burroughs, the grandfather of our subject, and the great-great-great-grandson of John, was the first to bring the name south. He was born at Newtown, Long Island, 31 Marc 1779, and died at Savannah, Georgia 14 April 1837, aged fifty-seven. He moved to Augusta, Georgia, thence to Savannah, and on 2 July 1799, at the age of twenty, married in Savannah Miss Catharine Eirick, daughter of Alexander Eirick, who was a member of the colonial parliament. Isabella, her sister, married Dimas Ponce, and Ruth, a younger sister, married Francis Harney Welman, an officer of the British navy, in January 1807, whose daughter, Mrs. John H. Reid, of Savannah, a charming and elegant lady of the old school, survives him. Catharine Eirick's mother's maiden name was Ruth Erwin, daughter of Christopher Erwin, born in Antrim County, Ireland, 8 January 1754. One sister of Ruth Erwin married Capt. Loyer, of the French Army, from whom are descended the Davants, of Savannah, Georgia; another sister married Gov. Jared Irwin, her cousin, the letter being changed some generations before from I to E on account of religious differences. Benjamin Burroughs, prominent as a cotton and commission merchant in the city of Savannah, was largely interested in the steamship "Savannah". His partner--Mr. Sturges--and himself owned one-third of the ship, and they shipped cotton to Liverpool on her first voyage. Ocean navigation by steam was inaugurated by the voyage of the "Savannah" in 1819 from Savannah to England and Russia; the paddles were made of canvas and the arms of iron, and the wheels were so arranged that they could be dismounted at pleasure, and it was adapted to the use of steam or sails, according to circumstances. She left Savannah 26 May 1819, and reached Liverpool after a passage of twenty-five days, during which the engine was employed eighteen days. Benjamin Burroughs was and elder in the Independent Presbyterian Church in Savannah, and gave $5,000 to assist in building the same in 1817. His children were Joseph H., merchant, Savannah; William Howe, planter in Florida who married Ann McLeod, afterward moved to Savannah and was a cotton merchant, one child survives him--Joseph Hallett; Benjamin Burroughs, Presbyterian minister at Veronberg, Georgia, married Rosa Williams--three children living--James P. Burroughs, Miss Rosa Burroughs, and Mrs. Theo. Livingston, of Jacksonville, Florida; Dr. Henry Kollock Burroughs, physician, and many years mayor of Savannah, married Ella Dessaussure, of Charleston, South Carolina, who survives him, and has several daughters; Oliver S., planter, of Tallahassee, Florida, married Ann C. Maxwell--two sons B.M. and E.W. Burroughs, survive him; Elizabeth Reed married Dr. John S. Law, of Cincinnati, Ohio; their children are John Hugh, Benjamin, Frank, Wallace, Charles Green, and one daughter. Catharine, daughter of Benjamin Burroughs, married Charles Green of Savannah, Georgia. Joseph Hallett Burroughs was the eldest son of Benjamin, and father of William Berrien Burroughs (our subject), was born in Savannah 30 June 1803, was a graduate of Yale college and entered the cotton business with his father. On 26 June 1828, he was married at Savannah to Miss Valeria Gibbons Berrien. On his mother's side the name is none the less known or distinguished. The Berriens are an old French family and the seat of their ancestors was Berrien, a considerable town in the department of Finisterre; their ancestor was a Huguenot, who, during the civil wars of France was forced to flee and take refuge in Holland. Cornelius Jansen Berrien was the first of the name that emigrated to this country, and was the progenitor of the family here. He settled at Flatbush, Long Island, New York, in 1669, and married Jeanette, daughter of Jan Stryker, and being a person of character and education, he enjoyed offices in the town government, and was a deacon in the Dutch church. After his death he was succeeded by his son John, who held several positions of honor and trust. Cornelius, a son of John, married Sarah Hallette, and lived on Berrien's Island, near Long Island. He was the grandfather of William Berrien, D.D., rector of the Trinity Church, New York, for thirty-three years, in which parish he ministered in holy things for fifty-two years, and married Jane, daughter of Elias B. Dayton, of Elizabethtown, New Jersey. Peter was a son of Cornelius, was a surveyor by profession and became a large land-owner and served several years as supervisor. He gave the land upon which the first Dutch Church in Newton was erected. Cornelius was a son of Peter. He was a prominent man--elder in the church, magistrate, etc. His son John was chosen on the committee of safety in 1775. John Berrien, son of Peter, married Margaret Eaton; he lived at Rocky Hill, Somerset Co., New Jersey. He was one of the judges of the supreme court of judicature of that state (then colony). Gen. Washington was visiting his family, and made it his headquarters, and is was from the door-steps of this house that Washington's farewell address was delivered to his army; the address is familiar to every schoolboy. Their children were Ionna, who married a Mr. Spencer of Maryland, whence Spencer Baird; Valeria, who married a Mr. Le Conte, whence Dr. Joseph and Dr. John Le Conte, and John, who emigrated to Georgia in 1775; at fifteen years of age he was lieutenant in the First Georgia Regiment; at seventeen he was captain in the same command; at eighteen he was appointed by Gen. Lachlan McIntosh brigade-major in the northern army; he was conspicuous in the battles of Monmouth and Valley Forge, and in several other engagements, and continued in service until the close of the war. He married Miss Margaret MacPherson, of Philadelphia, daughter of Capt. John MacPherson, and sister of Gen. Wm. MacPherson, of Revolutionary fame, and sister of Capt. John MacPherson, aid-de-camp to Gen. Montgomery, with whom he fell at the battle of Quebec, thus connecting the Berriens with that well-known family. Maj. John Berrien's second wife was Williamana Moore. Their children were Dr. Richard McAllister Berrien, who married Elizabeth Deloney, of St. Mary's, Georgia, about 1819; Martha, the only child of that marriage who still survives married Dr. Hugh O'Keefe Nesbitt, of Augusta, Georgia, who died in October, 1855. Their children Robert Taylor Nesbitt, present commissioner of agriculture, who married Rebecca L. Saffold, eldest child of Dr. Thos. Saffold and Mary Harris, of Madison, Georgia; Eliza B. who married Dr. Bayard L. McIntosh, of Trenton, New Jersey, and Mary Eleanor, who first married Col. Thos. B. Brown, of Montgomery, Alabama, and afterward Col. John Screven, of Savannah; one daughter, Lila McIntosh Screven, who married Samuel C. Atkinson, attorney-at-law at Brunswick. Col. Thos. M. Berrien married Virginia Pepper (nee Mabry), of Camden Co., Georgia. Weems Berrien married Miss Noble of Rome, Georgia. Julia Married John Whitehead, of Jefferson County. Sarah married James Whitehead, of Jefferson County. Ruth married Samuel Dowse, of Burke County. Eliza married a Mr. Casey, of Columbia County. John MacPherson Berrien, son of Maj. John Berrien, and grandfather of our subject, was born at the residence of his paternal grandfather at Rocky Hill, near Princeton, New Jersey, 23 August 1781. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Anciaux, quartermaster-treasurer of the French Royal Deux Ponts Regiment, whose commission, signed by Louis XVI, is now in the possession of Dr. Burroughs. Nicholas Anciaux was born on Frankfort-on-the-Main in Germany. His father was Chevalier DeWhiltteiseno. The children by this marriage who survive him are Valeria G., who married Joseph Hallett Burroughs; Eliza A. who married Chancellor J.P. Carroll, of South Carolina; Wiltielmina married Henry Williams, of Savannah, Georgia; Louisa G. married Gen. Francis S. Bartow. Judge Berrien married a second time--Miss Sarah Hunter, of Savannah, Georgia. The children of this marriage are Harriet, who married Theodore Cone; Sarah, who married Dr. A.J. Semmes; of New Orleans, Louisiana; Catharine, who married Maj. Geo. W. Anderson, of Savannah; and L. Cecile, who married Miss Rosa Falligant, and is now living in Jacksonville, Florida--the only son to bear his name. Judge John MacPherson Berrien, L.L. D., graduated at Princeton College, and from this institute received his degree of bachelor of arts at the early age of fifteen. After serving as recorder of the city of Savannah and solicitor-general, he was elected state judge at twenty-nine years of age, and served ten years. He was elected state senator, and was United States senator 1825-1829; United States attorney-general 1829-1831, and a third time elected United States senator 1847-1852. He declined the mission to England, which was offered him by President Jackson. (Commodore John M. Berrien, born in Georgia, and appointed from this state in the United States Navy commandery, navy yard at Norfolk, 1865, was a member of this family.) William Berrien Burroughs was born in Savannah, Georgia, 7 April 1842, and is the son of Joseph H. and Valeria G. (Berrien) Burroughs. He is the seventh son in a family of ten children, only four of whom survive, the other three being Richard B., prominent physician in Jacksonville, Florida, and surgeon of the F.C. & P. R.R.; John W., a lawyer in Savannah, Georgia; and Charles J., a physician and four years health officer of Jacksonville, Florida. William B., received his primary education in Savannah and entered Oglethorpe University, near Milledgeville, Georgia in 1859. At the breaking out of the war between the states he left college and joined the Randolph Rangers as a private. This company with others, formed the 7th Georgia Cavalry, and became a part of Gen. P.M.B. Young's brigade, Hampton's division, army of northern Virginia. He was made first sergeant of Company G of this regiment--going with it through the battle on Borden's Plank Road, Dinwiddie Courthouse, Stony Creek, and other points, and received his parole at Appomattox. At the close of the war he studied medicine with Dr. R.D. Arnold of Savannah, and graduated from Savannah Medical College in March, 1867. He moved to Camden County, Georgia, where he practiced his profession for fifteen years, doing a large and successful business, and accumulating quite a fortune. In 1881 he moved to Brunswick, Georgia, and invested his money in real estate, bonds, shipping, and other enterprises that were for the benefit and advancement of the city. He also opened a real estate and insurance office. he is today the oldest real estate and insurance agent in the city, and is recognized as an authority on all real estate matters. He has erected over 100 small cottages for home-seekers. As an evidence of the interest that he takes in the development of the section, as well as the confidence in which he is held by his fellow citizens and business associates, we mention that he is a director in the National Bank of Brunswick, and in the Brunswick Savings and Trust Company; is a director in the board of trade and chairman of statistics; a director in the Kennon Cotton Factory and a director in the Brunswick Foundry and Machine Manufacturing Company. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias, and has been grand vice-chancellor of Georgia. He was appointed a delegate by Gov. W.J. Northen to the national Nicaragua Convention which assembled at St. Louis in June 1892, also to the national Nicaragua Convention which assembled in New Orleans in 1893, and at each convention was elected executive committeeman for his state by the Georgia Delegation. On 17 January 1872, Dr. Burroughs married Miss Elizabeth P.W. Hazlehurst, eldest daughter of Maj. Leighton Wilson Hazlehurst, who married Miss Mary J. McNish of Savannah, Georgia. He was a large and successful rice planter on the Satilla River, Camden County, and had his summer seat at Waynesville, Georgia. Dr. Burroughs has six children: Mary McNish, Lilla H., Josephine H., William B., Leighton H. and Mac H. Before closing this article we will mention some of the worthy members of his family who reside in the north, among whom was Stephen Burroughs, born 1729, strictly a cold water man, and never sick a day in his life. About 1755 he planted the germ at Rocky Hill on the Pequannock Harbor, Connecticut, by starting his grist-mill and engaging in mercantile pursuits. It was he who planted the corner-stone of the now wealthy and growing city of Bridgeport, Connecticut. He was an active Whig, and raised and equipped a military company called Householders during the Revolution, of which he was elected captain. He was for many years a justice of the peace and a representative in the general assembly, and owned the parish grist-mill called the Burroughs Mill that stood where the Pequannock woolen mills now stand. He invented the system of Federal money as now used in the United States, which was adopted by congress in 1790. Up to that time all business was done under the old English system of pounds, shillings, pence, and farthings, two of which last-named made of copper, and four of which made a penny. After completing his system he carried it to the Hon. William Samuel Johnson, who, impressed with its simplicity and great convenience, caused it to be brought before congress in 1784, when he was a member of that body, where it was considered, but nothing done at that time except an enactment under which Connecticut and Massachusetts began in 1785 to coin copper cents, for many years denominated copper pennies. In 1792 the dollar was made the unit in money, and its coinage established by law. he was quite proficient in astronomy and was blind for twenty years before his death. He was buried at Bridgeport, Connecticut. Upon his tombstone is inscribed this epitaph: "Stephen Burroughs, Esq. A man distinguished by his industry and his talents and acquirements. Self-taught and original, he explored the vast field of mathematical and astronomical sciences beyond all the efforts of a Cassini or Newton, and made discoveries of the most useful and astonishing nature. But in consequence of his blindness his discoveries are lost to the world. He died Aug. 2, 1817, aged eighty-eight." From lecture of Rev. Samuel Orcutt, historian, delivered before the Fairfield County Historical Society, Capt. Stephen Burroughs and His Times.
NOTES: Rockingham was owned by Judge John Berrien and passed to his wife, Margaret, when he committed suicide in 1771. Rockingham served as Washington's last war-time headquarters, however, as is popularly believed, he did not address the troops there. He wrote the Farewell Orders to the Armies which were delivered to Newburgh, NY. Washington addressed his officers in New York City in December 1783 but gave no such speech at Rockingham. He only had a few aides and about 20 soldiers camped outside during his stay.--Anne Woolley Communications Coordinator for The Rockingham Association
John Berrien & Margaret Eaton's children were: John, Elizabeth Eaton, William, Samuel, Mary, & Thomas. Those listed above, might be Margaret Eaton's siblings.----Anne Woolley Communications Coordinator for The Rockingham Association
M.M. Bush, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, is a large and prosperous manufacturer of tools used in the turpentine industry. He is a son of John and Malcy (Russ) Bush, born respectively in Duplin and Bladen Counties, North Carolina, and was born in Bladen County, North Carolina 11 February 1842. his father followed farming and merchandising until he died, at seventy years of age, and his wife died when about sixty-five years old. Mr. Bush's grandfather was of Irish, and his grandmother of German descent. The Bush family, as far back as they can be traced, were farmers and merchants. Mr. Bush enlisted 11 June 1861, and was captured at the fall of Roanoke Island. He was sent home on parole. After remaining at home six months, he reenlisted, was made a non-commissioned officer, and in 1864 had the misfortune to be captured again at Cold Harbor, Virginia. This time he was sent first to Point Lookout and afterward to Palmyra, New York, where he was kept in captivity until the close of the war. He was twenty-eight years of age when he started to see what the world had in store for him, and he has already found much that it had. he is now industriously and energetically working for the larger remainder he feels encouraged to hope and work for. And he has many willing friends lending him their aid. he now owns a one-third interest in an eighty-acre tract of Florida orange land, twenty-eight acres in grove, fifty unplanted; a one-fourth interest in a $40,000 wharf property, a steam tug (the "Amanda"), a small plantation in North Carolina, and a fine home residence in Brunswick. Mr. Bush was married in 1882 to Miss Georgia, daughter of Malcolm McCrae, who bore him one child, when she died. In 1892 he married Miss Jackie, a daughter of John Brown, of Atlanta, by whom he has had two children, twins: Robert M. and Edna. Mr. Bush is a master Mason, and himself and Mrs. Bush are Methodists, he being one of the stewards of the church.
CLARK, William N.
WILLIAM N. CLARK, manufacturer of naval
stores, Jesup, Ga., was born in Liberty County, Ga., July 10, 1852. He is a son
of John and Mary A. (nee Miss Ham) Clark,
both natives of Georgia. The father’s occupation is farming. He was in the
Georgia cavalry about six months during the late war. He is still living an
aged respected citizen of Liberty County. His wife died March 18, 1866, aged
thirty-three years. Both parents are members of the Mission Baptist Church.
They had seven children, namely: subject, Mary E., now the widow of
G.H. Hayman, and now living in Liberty County; Laura A., wife of
Thomas J. Shave, living in Liberty County; Noble H., married to
Alice A. BAshlor, living in Wayne County; Hollis W., married to
Almira Shave, living in Savannah; John J.B., deceased October 6,
1881, aged nineteen and a half years; Louisa D., wife of A.D.
Richardson, living in Liberty County.
COHEN, Adolph M.
ADOLPH M. COHEN was born in the province
of Posen, Germany, May 12, 1834. He is a son of Moses and Grune (Belezer)
Cohen, who were also natives of Germany.
M.J. COLSON, hardware clerk, of
Brunswick, Ga., was born in Calhoun County, May 27, 1846, and is a son of
James and Eva E. (Inabionet) Colson, the former a native of Maryland,
born in 1824, and a son of Dennis Colson, who was of English extraction.
James Colson settled in Calhoun County, Ga., while yet a young man, is a
planter and still resides in the county named above. He married Eva E.
Inabionet, who was a daughter of Andrew Inabionet, and was born in
Barnwell District, S.C., in 1828. Andrew Inabionet was of Scotch
descent, was a rice planter and slave holder in his native State, but settled in
Georgia in 1844, and engaged in cotton planting. He was also a civil engineer.
To his marriage were born six children, the eldest of whom is our subject, and
the remainder were born in the following order: John D., Joseph D.,
Victoria, Martha and H. Wilson.
Hon. A.J. Crovatt, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, judge of the county court of Glynn County, is a son of William and Theodora (Williams) Crovatt, and was born in Charleston, South Carolina, 23 June 1857. His father was a son of Gibbs Crovatt, of Charleston, whose wife was Miss Rebecca Frazier. Judge Crovatt was educated at the high school, Charleston, at Charleston College, and also at the Carolina Military Institute, from which last-named institution he graduated in 1877. At college he was a member of the S.A.E. fraternity, and took a very active and prominent part in the exercises of the literary society to which he belonged, and of which for some time he was president. While at college he began the study of law, which after graduating he continued under A.J. Smith. After being admitted to the bar he formed a partnership with G.B. Mabry, the then solicitor-general, and who, later, was judge of the Brunswick circuit court. Dissolving the partnership he practice alone a few years; then in 1883 he entered into partnership with Judge Bolling Whitfield, which is still in existence. Judge Crovatt was mayor of Brunswick in 1883 and 1884; and the last year, though opposed by the most popular man in the city, was reelected by a handsome majority. On the expiration of his second term he was importuned to accept the mayoralty again, but preferring the county judgeship, he declined. As mayor he was progressive and aggressive, ever alive and on the alert to push to consummation every movement and improvement he believed would advance the interests of the city. His services as mayor were invaluable. Among the many things accomplished were: The sinking of two artesian wells, whose value to the city cannot by over-estimated; the reorganization and increased efficiency of the police force; the building of brick guard and engine room; and the improvement of the park. As mayor Judge Crovatt originated and perfected the gas and water contracts and was largely instrumental in securing the location of the Brunswick & Western Railway shops at Brunswick. Judge Crovatt as county solicitor, and the firm of Crovatt & Whitfield as city attorneys, have made brilliant records for themselves in their management of cases; and as practitioners in the city, county, state, and United States courts their clientage has been large and is increasing-they having been eminently successful. Judge Crovatt has been chairman of the county democratic executive committee, and has represented the county in senatorial, congressional, and gubernatorial conventions. As an attorney Judge Crovatt already ranks very high, and he is rapidly rising in reputation. As a man of affairs he has few equals--no superiors--and no citizen has a stronger hold on the confidence of the people in regard to general soundness of judgment, unswerving integrity, firmness of purpose and character, and high sense of honor in the matter of personal and public obligations. He is a born politician. Added to extreme boldness, undaunted courage, and an almost reckless aggressiveness, are intuition and seemingly unerring judgment, that make him irresistible and invincible as a leader in a political contest. With such a splendid record as his career so far presents, and with abilities and characteristics such as he is acknowledged to possess, almost any position, private or public, he may desire or aspire to would seem to be assured him. Judge Crovatt was married in 1880 to Miss Mary Lee, a daughter of Charles L. and Frances Schlatter, a union which has been blessed with three children: William Cecil, Alfred Hayne, and Mary Lee. Judge and Mrs. Crovatt are members of St. Mark's Protestant Episcopal Church, of which he has been a vestryman. The judge is a Knight of Pythias, a member of the I.O.O.F., and of the Legion of Honor.
E.M. Dart, merchant, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, son of Edgar C.P. and Ellen M. (Moore) Dart, natives of Brunswick, was born 8 March 1857. E.C.P. Dart was a son of Cyrus Dart, one of the early settlers, and was lawyer by profession. He at one time held the office of justice of the peace, and was clerk of superior court for more than ten years, which covered the period of the “war between the states.” His services in this capacity were invaluable, as he kept strict and vigilant guard over the record books and court documents, transporting them from place to place for safe keeping, performed all clerical work required, and at the close of the war delivered the same intact without a cent of charge to the county. Since the war he has filled the office of ordinary and was succeeded by his nephew, Horace Dart, the present incumbent. E.M. Dart started in life a poor man but has managed so well as to have established a fine mercantile business and attained to an influential position in the commercial world, having in the meantime rendered timely and valuable assistance to his father during the panic of 1873. Combining prudence with enterprise, he is sure of splendid success. He is a member of the First Methodist Church at Brunswick, and succeeded his father on the board of trustees.
Horace Dart, ordinary of Glynn County, Georgia, son of Urbanus and Eliza R. (Moore) Dart, was born in Brunswick, Georgia, 17 April 1837. His grandfather, Cyrus Dart, of English descent, a native of Connecticut, came south when a young man, and was connected with the army as a physician during the Creek Indian War. He was stationed for a while at Colerain on St. Mary’s River. He lived a short time on St. Simon’s Island, and afterward settled in Brunswick. He was drowned by the capsizing of a boat, on which occasion his son, Urbanus, then an eight-year-old boy, saved himself by swimming to St. Simons Island beach. Urbanus Dart, son of the above and father of Horace, was born in a block house at Colerain, on St. Mary’s River, and came with his parents when quite young to Brunswick, which was afterward his home. He served the county as sheriff, represented it in the general assembly several terms, and was a member of the first constitutional convention held after the war. Horace Dart began life as a poor man, but subsequently inherited property from his father (Urbanus’) estate, which with his own handsome accumulations insures him a competency at least. In 1861 he enlisted for a short time in the Brunswick Rifles, of which he had previously been a member for a short time; but later he enlisted for the war. Being disabled by a wound received at Fredericksburg, he was assigned to hospital duty. In 1865 he was elected tax receiver and served two years. He was afterward elected sheriff to serve an unexpired term and also served a term as deputy-sheriff. After this he was elected ordinary to fill an unexpired term; and at the ensuing regular election he was elected for the full term, not yet expired. In addition to a large landed estate Mr. Dart is largely interested in the following named water craft: Two stanch tug boats, the “Urbanus Dart” and the “Dauntless”--the last named a very superior boat which cost $30,000, and can easily make from twelve to fifteen miles an hour; and two passenger boats, the “Pope Catlin” and the “Egmont”. Mr. Dart married on 17 August 1863 to Miss Harriet E.W. Ashcraft, born in Newnan, Georgia, by whom he had seven children, three of whom are living. Mrs. Dart is a member of the Presbyterian Church.
DART, Jacob E.
Hon. J.E. DART, collector of customs, was born in Brunswick, Ga., July 5, 1845, and is a son of Urbanus and Eliza (Moore) Dart. Urbanus Dart was born in Coldrain [sic], Ga., November 29, 1800. He was sheriff of Glynn County, also surveyor. He represented Glynn County in the legislature for thirty years, and was a particular friend of Bob Toombs and Alexander H. Stephens. He died in 1884 a very popular man. His father, Cyrus Dart, was a native of England, and was accidentally drowned in St. Simons, Island, Glynn County, Ga., in 1816. He was a physician by profession, was a surgeon in the Revolutionary war, and also in the war of 1812. He was intimately acquainted with Gen. George Washington. Mrs. Eliza Dart was born in Glynn County, Ga., a daughter of Jacob Moore, of Irish extraction. Our subject is the fourth of seven living children, the others being Horace, Frank, Urbanus, William R., John B., and Eliza. Jacob E. Dart went to school sixteen months only. May 29, 1861, he enlisted in the Confederate army, in the Brunswick riflemen, Twenty-sixth Georgia regiment, A.R. Lawton's brigade, but was subsequently transferred to Gordon's brigade, Stonewall Jackson's corps, better known as Jackson's foot cavalry. In the same company were our subject's brothers, Horace, Frank, and Urbanus. On the 13th of December, 1862, at the first battle of Fredericksburg, Mr. Dart was wounded in the right leg by the fragment of a shell. After the first and second battles of Fredericksburg, he was discharged by Gen. Lee on account of being under eighteen years of age; he returned to his home and remained until he was eighteen years old and then re-enlisted in the same command. Besides the battles named, he participated in those of the 5th and 6th of May, 1864, at the Wilderness in Virginia; the 10th, 12th, and 19th of May, 1864, at Spottsylvania, Va.; 1st and 3d of June, 1864, at Cold Harbor, Va., and Lynchburg June 12; also at Maryland Heights, July 6; the battle near Frederick City, July 9; at Winchester, Va., and was taken sick at the battle of Cedar Creek, September 21, 1864. He was then sent home, but recovered and started back; but when he got to Fort Valley, Ga., he was captured by Wilson's cavalry and informed that Gen. Lee had surrendered. He was, of course, at once released. He then connected himself with E.T.V. and Ga. R.R., and was subsequently connected with the Brunswick & Western Railroad till 1875, having served, however, as mayor of Brunswick in 1874. He then opened a general store at St. Simon's Island, Glynn County, Ga., and in 1880 his entire stock of goods was destroyed by fire; his loss was $8,000 with only $2,000 insurance. In 1882 he was elected to the legislature from Glynn County, and was re-elected in 1884; the same year he was a delegate to the convention in Chicago, Ill., which nominated Cleveland for President. While in the legislature he was chairman of the wild land committee; he was also on the committee of railroads, education, and rules of the house. November 9, 1885, he was appointed collector of customs of the Brunswick district, which office he now has. August 7, 1867, he married Kate E. Robinson, of Brunswick, Ga., daughter of H.B. and Eliza (Harris) Robinson. Six children blessed this union, viz.: Herman, Eugene, Kate, Edgar, Orrilla, and Regina. Herman was an uncommonly industrious boy and had just received an appointment to West Point when he died, October 28, 1885. Edgar and Kate are also deceased. Eugene received an appointment to the Annapolis Naval School. Capt. Dart is a Master Mason and has been senior warden; he is also a member of the I.O.O.F.
DeLORME, Judge Louis
JUDGE LOUIS E. DeLORME. This gentleman is of French extraction,
as his name indicates, and traces the origin of his family to the Huguenot
immigration of the seventeenth century. The name was originally
Bree, but the grandfather owning among others a large estate called
Lorme, got to be known as Bree de Lorme or Bree of Lorme,
and the Bree being in time dropped, he was known simply as
DeLorme. He came to this country in 1816 and landed at
Charleston, S.C.; with him he brought a son, then about twelve years of
age and a daughter younger. This son grew up to manhood and
afterwards married Miss Mary Lasserre. To them were born
three children: Louis E.B., the subject of this sketch;
Urania, who was afterwards married to Capt. Geo. W. Long, and
Louisa Josephine, who was married to Edwin Davis, a
prominent planter of South Carolina. Achilles A. DeLorme,
father of our subject, located in Darien, Ga., and lived there a great
many years, dying at that place in 1873 at the advanced age of sixty-nine.
For more than twenty years he was agent of the steamboat lines plying
between that and other points; was postmaster before, after and during the
war, was judge of probate for twelve years, a Mason in splendid standing,
and a citizen much respected for his strict business habits and moral,
DOWNING, Columbia (Col.)
COL. C. DOWNING, JR., president of the First National Bank of Brunswick, Ga., was born in Meigs County, Ohio, February 1, 1845, the son of C. and Jane (Smith) Downing. C. Downing, the father of our subject, was born near Augusta, Maine, in 1809, was a planter and coal merchant, and during the recent war was United States assessor. For sixteen years he was in the internal revenue service, and also represented Meigs County, O., four years in the State legislature, was for twenty-five years county commissioner, and is the present mayor of Middleport, Ohio. He is a son of Samuel Downing, a native of Maine, of English extraction and a farmer, who moved to Ohio in 1818. Mrs. Jane Downing was born in Meigs County, Ohio, and is a daughter of John Smith, a native of New Hampshire, who, when a child, went with his parents to Ohio and there became a farmer. Of the children born to Mr. and Mrs. C. Downing, four are living, viz.: John F., Lucy Thompson, Colonel C. (the subject of this sketch), and Harvey. At the age of seventeen years the subject of this sketch had received a very fair education, but, before entering upon a business career, enlisted, young as he was, in the Seventh Ohio battery, field artillery, Federal service. He was appointed bugler, but subsequently was commissioned second lieutenant, and at the close of the war held the rank of first lieutenant. He took part in the battle of Hatchie, in the siege of Vicksburg, and other important engagements. He served the last year of the war as aide-de-camp to Gen. J.A. Maltby. On his return home he entered the Ohio University at Athens, where he studied three years. After graduating he commenced his business life as a clerk at Pomeroy, Ohio, but afterwards was connected with the Ohio River Salt Company, with which he remained seven years, three years of this time being passed as treasurer for the company. In 1877, he moved to Atlanta, Ga., and opened an agency for the Standard Oil Company, but afterwards went to Savannah, Ga., where he was agent for the same company until 1881, when he moved to Brunswick and opened a naval storehouse for his company, but a year later bought this business for his own use. He annually handles about 125,000 barrels of rosin and 25,000 barrels of turpentine, the value of which reaches $600,000. In addition to his naval stores business he transacts a wholesale grocery and provision trade, his sales in this department reaching a quarter of a million dollars per year. When the First National Bank of Brunswick was organized in February, 1884, with a capital stock of $55,000, Col. Downing was made its president, W.E. Burbage vice-president, and James Herr Smith, cashier. The bank has now a surplus of $33,000, and its stock sells at 160. October 14, 1875, Col. Downing married Miss Mary Remington, daughter of Wm. H. Remington, of Pomeroy, Ohio. Of the children born to this marriage, two are living—Mary Ethel and Madeline. The Colonel is a director in the Oglethorpe Hotel Company, is a Master Mason, and, with his wife, is a member of the Episcopal Church.
J.E. Du Bignon, capitalist and banker, Brunswick, Glynn Co., Georgia, is a son of Joseph and Felicite (Riffault) du Bignon, natives respectively of Jekyl Island and Bordeaux, France, and was born in Brunswick on 2 January 1849. The family is one of the oldest and one among the wealthiest in southeastern Georgia. Mr. DuBignon’s great-grandfather, of the royal navy of France, became the owner of Jekyl Island in 1791. His grandson, Joseph, Mr. DuBignon’s father, was an extensive cotton planter and a man of wealth and influence. This island of Jekyl, so called by Gen. Oglethorpe, after his friend Sir Joseph Jekyl, an eminent English statesman, is a beautiful spot about eleven miles long, and contains about twenty-two square miles. In 1885 Mr. DuBignon had acquired the interest of the family and had become the sole owner of the island, where he organized the famous “Jekyl Island Club,” which includes in its membership many of the wealthiest and most prominent business and professional men and capitalist in the north and west, and is the largest out-of-home club in the world. Mr. DuBignon was elected alderman of the city of Brunswick in 1876 and re-elected continually until 1880, was on the finance committee and took an active part in the adjustment of the bond question and in everything relating to the city’s interests. In December, 1893, he was again elected a member of the board of aldermen and was placed on the finance and other committees. The estimation in which Mr. DuBignon is held financially and socially is best evidenced by the many prominent and honorable as well as responsible positions he has been called upon to fill. He is president of the Cumberland Route, Brunswick & South Atlantic Company; president of the Brunswick Club; vice-president of the Brunswick Title Guarantee and Loan Company; a director and member of the finance committee of the Brunswick Saving and Trust Company; in the Brunswick Foundry and Manufacturing Company; and in the St. Simons Transit Company; and is principal owner of the magnificent Oglethorpe Hotel property. He also owns a fifth interest in the Brunswick Street Railroad, and is principal owner of the Brunswick & Altamaha Canal property. He was a member of the committee having in charge the extensive sewerage system adopted by the city, and as such took a lively interest in the work, and a prominent and very active part in furthering it, and was largely instrumental in the successful accomplishment of this great, important movement. He is largely interested in many enterprises, public and private, which shows his absolute faith in the future of Brunswick, as well as the confidence of the people in his ability as a general business man and financier. Mr. DuBignon was married in 1876 to Frances, eldest daughter of Col. Charles L. Schlatter, an accomplished and eminent civil engineer, who in early life was chief engineer of the state of Pennsylvania and of the Ogdensburg Railroad of New York, etc. Col. Schlatter came to Georgia on account of failing health, requiring a mild climate, and became deeply interested in Brunswick; and to him belongs the credit of originating and organizing the Brunswick & Albany (now Brunswick & Western) Railroad. Mr. and Mrs. DuBignon have one daughter. They are members of the Protestant Episcopal Church.
DUNHAM, Jacob Hendricks
Is mentioned in the preceding sketch as having
been the first white person ever baptized in Liberty county. His grandfather,
Mr. William Dunham, came to that county among the first settlers, and
located on Newport river, where he died in 1756, leaving behind several
daughters and three sons, James, Charles and John.
DUNN, David T.
HON. DAVID T. DUNN, mayor of Brunswick, Ga., was born in Elmira, N.Y., February 5, 1833, and is a son of James and Eliza (Thompson) Dunn, the former a native of and an attorney of Bath, N.Y., of Irish extraction, and a judge of the circuit court for several years; the latter was a native of Goshen, Orange County, N.Y., and was a daughter of David Thompson. Of the four children still living, born to these parents, Hon. David T. Dunn is the eldest, the others being Henry T., Helen N. and Isaac B. David T. Dunn began his business life at the age of twelve in a book store. In 1869 he came south and located in Brunswick, Ga., and for a number of years was engaged in private banking, but during President Hayes’ administration was appointed deputy revenue collector and filled that position four years. For three years he was United States commissioner and postmaster of Brunswick. He served as a member of the board of aldermen in 1880-81, was elected mayor of Brunswick in 1887, and re-elected in 1888. He took an active part in organizing the Board of Trade in Brunswick, and for the past six years has been president of the Glynn County Agricultural Society; he is also a member of the school board, was instrumental in organizing the fire department and has been connected with the latter for more than fifteen years. In addition to all his other meritorious acts he contributed largely to the building of the Presbyterian Church of Brunswick, one of the finest in the city, and to assist the city in its accommodations for visitors, became a stockholder in the Oglethorpe Hotel. A record such as here given of Mr. Dunn needs no comment. It tells its own story. In 1885 Mr. Dunn married Mary E. Tuthill, a daughter of Charles G. Tuthill of Starkey, Yates County, N.Y., and by her had one child, Frederick, now deceased.
DUNN, Henry T.
HENRY T. DUNN, of Brunswick, was born in Elmira, N.Y., in 1843. He is a son of James and Eliza Dunn. His father is of Irish extraction and was born in Bath, N.Y. He was a lawyer by profession, and for a number of years was judge of one of the circuits in New York. Mrs. James Dunn, whose maiden name was Eliza Thompson, was a daughter of David Thomson and was born in Goshen, Connecticut. Henry T. Dunn is the third of four surviving children, the others being—David T., Helen M. and Isaac B. He received his primary education in Elmira. At the opening of the war he enlisted in the Twenty-third New York regiment, but was soon transferred to the Naval Academy, which was then at Newport, to be educated for a naval officer. He remained at the academy till 1864, at which time he returned to Elmira and went into business. He had the misfortune to be burned out there in 1867, and then went to Baltimore, where he remained till 1870. During this year he located in Brunswick and was for fifteen years deputy collector of customs at the port of this place. He was also engaged in mercantile business during this time. He was commissioned consul of Uruguay in 1881, and still holds that position. He has been alderman two terms in the city of Brunswick, and is also a member of the Board of Trade. He is one of the largest merchants in Brunswick. He was married December 22, 1864, to Miss Margaret Baker, in Elmira, N.Y., and there has been born to them one child, Frank A. Mr. Dunn is a clear, level-headed business man, and matter of fact in all his transactions.
GRUBB, Richard W.
RICHARD W. GRUBB was born in Quincy, Gasden County, Fla., October 30, 1852. He is a son of Nicholas and Elizabeth Grubb, being the youngest of nine children. He is preeminently a self-made man. Losing his mother at the age of twelve he was early thrown on the world, where most of his education has been obtained. He apprenticed himself, of his own accord, at the age of thirteen, to the printer's trade in the office of the Quincy Commonwealth, where he remained four years, when the office was destroyed by fire. For a few months following he was employed on the Quincy Journal, going in June, 1868, to Brunswick, Ga., where he entered the office of the Seaport Appeal. He remained there until March, 1874, when, on the advice of his employer, T.F. Smith, who had become his warm personal friend, Mr. Grubb went to Darien, Ga., to begin the publication of a paper for himself. April 24, 1874, his name first appeared as a journalist. the name of his paper was the Darien Timber Gazette. Mr. Grubb was a comparative stranger in Darien as well as being new in the field of journalism, but he had industry, enterprise and good general ability, and he knew that these would win. He built up a good home paper, one that was widely read and universally appreciated; and what was perhaps of vastly more interest to Mr. Grubb he had the financial strings of his new enterprise in such a shape that he made his paper pay for the office and entire outfit within one year from the time when he started. But while fortune favored him, as she always does the industrious, his was not destined to be the "primrose way." Just as he was beginning to reap the reward of his labors his office was destroyed by fire and every dollar that he possessed was swept away. He was not discouraged, however. He immediately went to work and by the aid of a few friends he resumed the publication of his paper in a short time, and the Gazette grew and prospered as never before. But in April, 1879, the fire-fiend paid the office another visit, destroying everything as before, but fortunately this time the proprietor was carrying some insurance and the loss was not total. Phoenix-like the Gazette rose again after the lapse of ten months an started for the third time on its career of influence and usefulness. It has grown steadily since and is now recognized as one of the livest, newsiest and best edited county papers in the State. The people of Darien and McIntosh County have shown their appreciation of Mr. Grubb in other ways beside the liberal patronage they have extended to him and his newspaper enterprises. In August, 1876, he was sent as delegate to the Democratic State gubernatorial convention, where he assisted in the nomination of Gov. Colquitt. In September of the same year he was elected as a delegate to the congressional convention of the first district, which nominated the Hon. Julian Hartridge, and was elected secretary of that body. He was a delegate and secretary of the congressional convention of 1878; and in June, 1880, was a delegate to the State Democratic convention which selected delegates for the national convention held at Cincinnati. He was also a delegate to the Chicago convention in 1884, and voted for Cleveland from the beginning. It is a noteworthy fact that Mr. Grubb advocated the nomination of Cleveland as the Democratic candidate for President three days after he was elected governor of New York. He was a member of the Democratic State executive committee for several years, and his opinion is of weight on political matters among his brethren of the press. On February 3, 1876, Mr. Grubb married Miss Alice H. Marlin, of Brunswick, to which connection he is indebted for much of the pleasure and success which he has enjoyed. Mr. Grubb is a deputy collector of customs at the port of Darien. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and an industrious, enterprising citizen and a clever gentleman.
HARRIS, Dr. Raymond B.
DR. RAYMOND B. HARRIS was born May 15, 1838, at Palermo, Bryant county, Ga., was educated in Liberty County, Ga., commenced the study of medicine in 1856 and graduated from the Savannah Medical College, in March, 1859; he was elected demonstrator of anatomy in the above college immediately after graduation, and served in that capacity until the Confederate war broke out, when he was appointed an assistant surgeon, in which capacity he served to the end of the war, first in the hospitals of Richmond, Va., and then in the Tennessee army; he was attached to the Fifty-seventh Georgia regiment, Smith’s brigade, Claibourne’s division, served to the end of the war, and surrendered at High Point, N.C., in April, 1865. His grandfather came from Virginia and settled in Columbia County, Ga., where Dr. Raymond Harris, father of Raymond, B., was born in the year 1798. He was educated at Eatonton, Ga., and was a graduate of the University of Athens. He studied medicine and graduated at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, Pa., about 1823-4. He practiced his profession for sixty-four years and did not retire until compelled to do so from extreme old age. He served as State senator with Robt. Toombs, M.D. Crawford and Howell Cobb. He also served in the war of 1812, and although a mere boy did excellent and effective service. He planted sea-island cotton upon a large scale and accumulated considerable wealth, which consisted principally of lands and negroes, and when the war ended, like all southern planters lost largely, but being a man of iron will and of great energy, he accepted the situation with what capital he had left, commenced lending money at a high rate of interest (for just after the war money was scarce in Georgia) and in this way, together with his profession, he again accumulated quite a fortune. He died at the advanced age of ninety years, and is buried in the village of Welthomville, Liberty County. Dr. Raymond B. Harris, during the year 1876, served as mayor of the town of Jesup, and as chairman of the board of health of the city of Darien from 1878 to 1881. In November, 1880, he was elected to the State senate from the second senatorial district of Georgia, and his course in that body evinced a capacity for great usefulness. As chairman on the special committee of hygiene he drafted and introduced a number of bills designed to promote medical science and public health of the State, and among them was a bill to provide a State board of pharmaceutic [sic] examiners, which is now in beneficial operation. In April, 1866, the doctor married Miss Laura E. Desher, who bore him three children, viz.: Mary Ella, Cothern Walton and Cornelia. Mrs. Laura Ella Harris died in 1875, and in 1876 the doctor married Miss Ophelia L. Desher, a sister of his first wife, who bore him Raymond Victor and Mary Winn. The boy Raymond Victor was born on the day of our subject’s election to the State senate, and, as it was a very close race, the doctor, having been elected by only two majority, the babe was named Victor. Cornelia died at the age of eleven, of diphtheria. The mother of R.B. Harris before marriage was Miss Mary Law, a daughter of Nathaniel Law, also a sister of Judge William Law (deceased) of the supreme court. She was born in 1808 and died in 1871, a member of the Presbyterian Church. As a practitioner Dr. Harris has been phenomenally successful; he is universally popular, and wins all hearts by the kindness and generosity of his own, and his manly character, coupled with a natural politeness which is exhibited to all, rich and poor, learned and unlearned.
HARVEY, John P.
John P. Harvey, deceased, son of John P. and Charlotte (Gardner) Harvey, both of English descent, and natives of Baker Co., Georgia, was born in Lumpkin, Stewart Co., Georgia, 25 December 1844. His father went to Macon soon after his birth, where he was engaged in mercantile business until he died. His mother died in 1874, aged sixty-one years. Mr. Harvey was educated in the city schools, Macon, Georgia, and later in life learned the trade of cabinet maker. In 1861 he enlisted in Jackson Artillery of Macon, with which he remained six months, and was mustered out. He immediately re-enlisted in Capt. T.J. Holt’s cavalry company, and a year later was transferred to Anderson’s artillery company of Pulaski County, which he remained with until near the close of the war; owing to poor health he was sent to the hospital at Macon. After the war he worked awhile at his trade, and then went into a railroad shop as foreman, holding the position eighteen years. Resigning, he became a contractor and builder in Brunswick, but about 1889 re-entered the railway service in the same capacity as before. In 1891 he was elected to the office of sanitary superintendent of Brunswick, and held it until his death. A notable tribute to his worth and general efficiency as a public officer is the fact of his holding the office of alderman of the city for twelve successive years, his service ending in 1888. Mr. Harvey was married to Miss Jane Kendrick, 16 September 1863, who has borne him nine children, six of whom are living: Henry H., Nina (Mrs. Bryant), Estelle, Annetta, Annabelle, and Ada. Mr. Harvey was a Knight of Pythias and master of exchequer of his lodge until he declined re-election. Mr. Harvey died 12 November 1894, lamented by a large circle of friends. Mrs. Harvey and her daughters are members of the Methodist Church.
HENMAN, John L.N.
JOHN L.N. HENMAN, cashier of the Oglethorpe National Bank, Brunswick, Ga., was born in Berlin, Worcester County, Md., February 1, 1867, and is the eldest of the four children yet living, the others being Mary, E.S., Florida B. and William B., born to John N. and Martha I. (Burbage) Henman, both born in Berlin, Md. John N. Henman, father of our subject, is the present cashier of the United States sub-treasury at Baltimore. John L.N. Henman was educated at Western Maryland College, Md., and for two years was a cadet at West Point. In 1885 he settled in Brunswick, Ga., and for a few months was messenger in the First National Bank, and in June of the same year was made teller, which position he held until August 1, 1887, at which time he was elected cashier of the Oglethorpe National Bank. This bank was organized July 6, 1887, with a capital of $100,000; M. Ullman, president; W.E. Burbage, vice-president, and John L.N. Henman, cashier. The bank has now a surplus of $5,000, and its stock is quoted at 110. Mr. Henman is said to be the youngest National Bank cashier in the United States, and is a young man of first-rate business qualifications.
HOPPS, Richard B.
RICHARD B. HOPPS, Jesup, Ga., was born
in Wayne County, Ga., December 6, 1841. His parents are Daniel G. and
Frances (Bennett) Hopps, old and highly respected pioneer settlers of Wayne
LAMB, John P.
John P. Lamb, deceased, treasurer of Glynn County, Georgia, son of John and Elizabeth (Webster) Lamb, natives respectively of South Carolina and Connecticut, was born in Glynn County, near where he now lives, 29 July 1825. Mr. Lamb’s father was brought to Georgia from South Carolina when a child, and died in Glynn County when about sixty years old, and his mother died when about fifty-five years old. His grandfather, Frederick Lamb, was born in Virginia, and when a boy ran away from home and entered the Revolutionary Army. The disbandment of the army at the close of the war left him at Camden, South Carolina, where he met and married Celia Bowen, and not long afterward came to Georgia and settled in Glynn County. John P. Lamb was elected tax collector of the county in 1852 and again in 1856. In 1860 he was elected sheriff, which office he held at the outbreak of war. On 17 August 1861, he enlisted in the Glynn County Guards. His command was stationed on St. Simons Island, where batteries were established, and where the guards remained until 1862. He served in the army during the entire war but with the forces assigned to coast defense. He surrendered to Capt. Lee of the “Wamsutta”, and was paroled 1 June 1865. In 1872 he was elected treasurer of Glynn County, and was re-elected at each succeeding election, and held it until he died, affording the most conclusive testimony as to his faithfulness and efficiency as an officer, and of his popularity as a citizen. Mr. Lamb was married in 1844 to Miss Martha Middleton, who after bearing him seven children, all of whom are dead, died 28 November 1878. He was again married in July, 1883, to Miss Amy Jones. Mr. Lamb began life as a poor man, but died possessed of a good 1,000 acre farm and half a thousand head of cattle, besides much other stock and property. He was regarded as one of Glynn County’s most substantial and highly respected citizens, was a master Mason, and was a member of the Methodist Church, of which his widow is a much-prized and exemplary member.
LAMB, Thomas W.
Thomas W. Lamb, collector of customs, Brunswick, Georgia, of Scotch-Irish descent on the father's side, and son of Burrill and Matilda (Bunkley) Lamb, was born on Cumberland Island, Camden Co., Georgia, 7 September 1847. Both parents were natives of Glynn County and belonged to a family among the oldest in the state. His father died in 1881 aged sixty-eight years. His mother, a daughter of Thomas P. Bunkley, died in Brunswick, 11 January 1895, aged seventy-six years. Mr. Lamb was educated at Glynn County Academy, and this limited education constituted his capital, as he began life a poor man. What he has, both of property and official reputation, has been acquired since the war, by honest toil, industry and business ability. In the spring of 1862, a mere youth, he enlisted in Capt. McMiller's company, Fourth Georgia Cavalry, was promoted to second sergeant, served through the entire war, and surrendered with his command at its close. Since the war he has been called to fill many and varied offices, state and Federal, than which no better evidence could be given of his integrity, faithfulness, and efficiency. He has served Glynn County as sheriff six years, represented the county two terms in the house, and the senatorial district one term in the general assembly of the estate, was mayor of Brunswick in 1892 and 1893, the last year during the yellow fever epidemic when he bravely remained at his post of duty, and in January 1894, was appointed collector of customs for the port of Brunswick, Georgia, by President Cleveland. Mayor Lamb passed through two yellow fever epidemics, one in 1876, when he had the fever himself, and the other in 1893, exhibiting a moral courage and self-sacrificing spirit rarely equaled. Mr. Lamb has a fine plantation, 1,000 acres, and a number of fine city lots. He was married in 1866 to Miss Laura B. Kendrick, by whom he had eight children, all of whom are living. Mrs. Lamb died in 1889, and Mr. Lamb married again, 7 February 1893 to Miss Sarah C. Pyles. Mrs. Lamb is a member of the Methodist Church.
Josiah Spry Law, son of Rev. Samuel
Spry Law and Rebecca G., (Hughes,) his wife, was born in
Sunbury, Georgia, on the 5th of February, 1808, and there received a
good classical education, principally under the instruction of the Rev. James
Shannon. In 1827, that gentleman having removed to Augusta, at the
solicitation of the Baptist church in that city, and desiring an assistant in
his school, offered the place to Mr. Law, who accepted it, and at the
same time prosecuted his own studies. Here, during a revival of religion, he
was converted and united himself with the Baptist church.
The Rev. Samuel Spry Law, the son of
Joseph and Elizabeth Law, was born in Liberty county, Georgia, in the
year 1774. His father removed from Charleston, South Carolina, some years
before the birth of his son, Samuel, and settled on the seaboard of
Liberty county, and engaged in planting. He was a man of piety—a member of the
Episcopal church—of strict integrity and great firmness. His mother, whose
maiden name was Spry, was a woman of uncommon fortitude, as we may learn
from a little incident in her life, which occurred during the darkest period of
the revolutionary war. On one occasion, while her husband was absent from home,
their house was plundered by the tories. She was alone with her children. Upon
leaving, they attempted to set fire to the house, but to this she would not
submit. As soon as they had kindled a fire, she extinguished it, for which she
was knocked down. They attempted to fire the building the second time, and the
second time she put the fire out and was knocked down. This was repeated the
third time, when some of the party, with a little more feeling than the rest,
persuaded their companions to desist and not burn the house. Their son,
Samuel, inherited the firmness of his parents, for he was a man of undaunted
courage and great firmness of purpose. He grew up during the days of
“saddle-bag teachers” and “old-field schools”—names very expressive of the
intellectual furniture of the schoolmaster, and literary fertility of the
institutions—and he consequently received only the barest rudiments of an
English education, such as spelling, reading, writing and simple arithmetic.
The best advantages he enjoyed during his youth, were from a two years’
residence in the family of a French Marquis, on Sapelo island. In that family
he learned to speak the French language with tolerable fluency, and he there
acquired that ease and suavity of manners which continued with him through life.
MERSHON, Judge M.L.
Judge M.L. Mershon, attorney at law, Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia, son of William and Elizabeth (Brown) Mershon, natives of Hancock County, Georgia, was born in Monticello, Florida, 26 April 1839. The Mershons in this country are reputed to be descendants from a lad whose parents being Huguenots fled from France on the promulgation of the edict of Nantes. His parents having died during the voyage, he, after landing, was apprenticed in New Rochelle, New York. Enos Mershon, the Judge’s grandfather, was a native of Maryland. Judge Mershon was educated in the common schools of Florida, came to Georgia in 1859, and shortly afterward settled in Brunswick. During 1859-60 he studied law, and in 1860 was admitted to the bar. He enlisted in 1861, and served through the war in the army of the west, mainly under Gens. Bragg and Hood. Judge Mershon was a member of the constitutional convention of 1877; was subsequently elected judge of the Brunswick circuit court twice, but resigned in 1886 before the expiration of his second term, and went to south Florida and practiced law. In 1890 he returned to Brunswick, where he settled and resumed the practice of his profession, acquiring a fine reputation and securing a large practice. In 1892 he was elected to represent Glynn County in the general assembly in which body he made strenuous efforts to have a state board of health established. Judge Mershon is highly esteemed as a lawyer and as a citizen, and is very popular with all classes of his fellow citizens.
C.G. Moore, undertaker, Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia, son of Benjamin and Percy (Stocking) Moore, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, 13 March 1832. His great-great grandfather was an Irishman; his great grandmother was a Miss Collier, who was born in Scotland. While Mr. Moore was yet young his father had the misfortune to lose his eyesight, and at the tender age of thirteen he started out to solve the problem of life. He was for awhile in New Haven, and while there was a member of the New Haven Blues. In 1855 he came to Georgia, and located in Thomasville. He was in the employ of the Atlantic & Gulf (now Savannah, Florida & Western) Railway, and during the war was foreman of the machine shops. In 1866 he permanently established himself in Brunswick, where he has been satisfactorily successful. Not being much inclined to office-holding, he has filled but one, and that was as an alderman of the city for three years. He has established a good business, and is the leading undertaker and director of funerals in the city. Mr. Moore was married in 1866 to Miss Sarah, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Smith, of Patchogue, Long Island, New York. Her mother, Mrs. Abbie (Tuttle) Smith, is still living, and at the advanced age of ninety-five can read the New York “Herald” without the aid of glasses. Three children blessed this union: Mary (Mrs. Valentine), Sarah Jane (Mrs. Graham), and William Benjamin. Mrs. Moore died 6 October 1876 of yellow fever, and in November, 1878, Mr. Moore married Miss Annie E. Brooks, a native of Wiscasset, Maine. Mr. Moore is a member of the Methodist Church, and Mrs. Moore is an Episcopalian.
Eugene A. Nelson, city clerk and
treasurer of Brunswick, was born in Houston County, Ga., April 12, 1858. He is
a son of James F. Nelson, whose sketch appears in this work, and in that
sketch will be found the facts touching the early family history.
James F. Nelson was born in Twiggs County, Ga., August 30, 1833. His family is of English extraction, being related to the late Lord Nelson, who fought and put to rout “all the might of Denmark’s crown.” His grandfather was a native of Virginia, but settled with his family at an early day in Georgia. Alfred Nelson was our subject’s father. He was born in Virginia, but reared in Georgia, where he was a planter all his life. Mr. Nelson’s mother was a Miss Jenkins before marriage, her christian name Mary, and she was a daughter of William Jenkins, a successful planter of Houston County, Ga. His brothers and sisters are: John Nelson, planter of Pulaski County, Ga.; Martin, a lumberman of Houston County, Ga.; Margaret, wife of N.C. Greer, of Brunswick, Ga.; Rebecca M., wife of Columbus Mitchell, sheriff of Wilcox County, Ga.; Caroline S., wife of Columbus Murray, a planter of Coffee County, Ga.; Fannie Pugh, widow. Mr. Nelson received a common-school education in Perry, Houston County, Ga., and finished by taking an academical course at Holly Springs, Ga. On quitting the latter place he began teaching, and followed this successfully for a number of years, first in Houston County then at Midway, and then at Dawson. He gave up teaching in 1868, and embarked in the general mercantile business, which he followed for one year at Dawson, and moved in 1870 to Brunswick, Ga., where he continued in the same business for the period of twelve years. At the end of that time he closed out his mercantile interests and in connection with his sons built the Ocean Hotel at that place, then the largest hotel in the city. He was interested in the management of this house for some time, but afterward sold out, and, on account of his failing health, moved to Florida and located in Orlando. During his residence in Brunswick he was for six years an alderman of the city, for four years mayor, and for five years clerk and treasurer, and on there the city council presented him with a beautiful golden crowned staff in grateful remembrance of his faithful services while filling these various offices. Mr. Nelson married Miss Martha Ann Summerford, daughter of William Summerford, planter of Dooly County, Ga. To this union have been born four children: Annie May, wife of H.H. Dickson, of Orlando, Fla.; Eugene A., of Brunswick, Ga., whose sketch appears in this work; James F. Jr., conductor on the B. & W. R.R., and William H., in the printing business in New York city. Mr. Nelson is a Mason and a zealous member of the Baptist Church.
Tobias Newman, wholesale liquor merchant, Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia, son of Eberhard and Marguerite (Williams) Newman, was born in Germany, 22 October 1848. His parents were natives of Hanover, Germany, where they lived and died, the father in 1886, aged seventy years, and the mother in 1890, aged sixty-eight years. Capt. Newman came to the United States when only thirteen years old, and followed the sea in the commercial marine service for seven years, when he went on the revenue cutter “Petrel” as quartermaster, and served in that capacity two years. In 1869 he went into business in Columbus, Georgia, and remained there until 1886, when he went to Brunswick and established himself in his present enterprise, continuing that in Columbus until 1890. Beginning life a mere boy and poor, he has, as the results of the national traits of his race--patient industry and frugality--built up a profitable business and accumulated a handsome competency. Capt. Newman married in 1869 to Miss Jennie Evens, born in Apalachicola, Florida, daughter of Jack and Mary Evens. Mr. and Mrs. Evens were natives of Ireland. To Capt. and Mrs. Newman eight children were born: George, Mollie, Nettie, Maggie, Josephine, Walter, Tobias, Jr., and Eberhard. Mrs. Newman is a Catholic. Capt. Newman is a member and the captain of Oglethorpe Division No. 4, uniform rank, Knights Pythias. He was the proud and exultant winner of the division prize--$200 cash--for the best drilled company. He is very enthusiastic in regard to everything pertaining to the military company to which he belongs and with whose members he is very popular. He is very much respected in Brunswick as a citizen and business man.
OGG, Charles D.
Charles D. Ogg, merchant broker, Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia, son of Richard T. and Nannie (Anderson) Ogg, was born in Louisa County, Virginia 9 December 1859. His parents were natives respectively of Goochland and Louisa Counties, Virginia. His father is still living in Louisa County, aged about sixty-seven years; but his mother died in 1882, when about forty-eight years old. They had three children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the second, and is the only survivor. Mr. Ogg was educated in the private schools of Rockbridge County, Virginia, and Richmond College, Richmond, Virginia. He began his business life when only thirteen years old, on his father’s farm; his father being a railroad man placed the farm in charge of the boy on strict business principles--for a consideration. His father, however, paid for his education; this and his home experience was all the capital he had. What he has now of property an enviable reputation is the result of his own efforts. Prior to 1882 he taught school four sessions and then engaged as a clerk in the general office of the C & O Railway in Richmond. While thus employed he studied and learned shorthand. About 1883 he went to Hinton, West Virginia, as stenographer of the Huntington Division of the C & O. In 1885 Mr. Ogg was made chief clerk in the office under E.H. Barnes, superintendent of that division. In March, 1886, he accompanied Mr. Barnes to Atlanta as chief clerk in his office, he having received the appointment of superintendent of the Atlanta and Brunswick Division of the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railway. In October of that year Mr. Ogg was appointed general agent at Jesup, Wayne, County, Georgia, for the same road; and in December, 1888, he was transferred to Brunswick, where he served the company as agent until 1 May 1890. On that date he retired and embarked with Mr. B.A. Hancock in the merchandise brokerage business under the firm name Hancock & Ogg. Dissolving his connection with Mr. Hancock he entered in partnership with R.F. Bowles in September, 1890, in the same business, the firm being R.F. Bowles & Co. In February,1892, he bought the Bowles interest and since then has had entire control. His sales annually aggregate the handsome sum of $250,000. Besides valuable real estate and bank and other stocks in Brunswick, Mr. Ogg is largely interested in real estate in Kansas City, Missouri. He is a stockholder and director of the Merchants’ and Traders’ Bank and a member of the discount board. He is a director and chairman of the transportation committee of the board of trade. He has been at the head of several delegations to present Brunswick’s grievances to the railroad commission in Atlanta, particularly in January and February, 1893. Interested parties had secured rates favorable to other competing points extremely prejudicial to Brunswick; and to the strong and persistent efforts of Mr. Ogg is mainly due the credit of securing an equitable adjustment and a restoration of the old rates. He was also one of the delegates from Brunswick to the first direct trade meeting in Savannah in February, 1893. Mr. Ogg is an ardent and enthusiastic Mason--senior warden of the “blue lodge;” and has recently been instrumental in establishing a chapter of royal arch Masons, of which he is P.S. Mr. Ogg’s steady, continuous and rapid promotion from the time he entered upon railway work until he retired from it, is conclusive proof of his industry and his fidelity to the interests of the company and of their appreciation of his services; while his splendid success since he entered upon his present business, and the important and responsible positions he has held and now holds in commercial and fraternal organizations and banking institutions bear gratifying and unmistakable testimony to his business sagacity and sterling integrity of character.
LITTLEFIELD, Sylvanus Clark
HON. S.C. LITTLEFIELD, of the firm of Littlefield & Tison, general merchants at Brunswick, Ga., and agents for the New York and Brunswick Packet Line, is a native of Eaton, Carroll County, N.H., and was born May 9, 1834, and is a son of Dudley and Priscilla Littlefield, both natives of Wells, Maine. Dudley Littlefield was born May 27, 1799, the son of Stephen, and was a farmer until his death in 1884. Mrs. Priscilla Littlefield, daughter of Aaron Bragdon, died at the age of eighty-five years and eleven days. The Littlefield family is traced to its ancestry in England, but the first in this country was Edmond Littlefield, who had eight children, five sons and three daughters, viz.: Francis, Anthony, Elizabeth, John, Thomas, Mary, Hannah and Francis. Edmond Littlefield, together with his son Anthony, came over from Southampton in the year 1637. His wife, together with the seven other children, came over in May, 1638; landed in Boston, Mass., but settled in Wells, Me. S.C. Littlefield is the second of three children, still living, born to his parents the others being Stephen and Tobias. He settled in Georgia at the age of nineteen, attended school at Perry, Houston County, and also attended Emory College at Oxford. In 1857 he engaged in the timber business with an uncle, continued in that trade about a year, and later put up a sawmill in Screven County, and another in Burke County, and operated both until 1861, when he discontinued milling and enlisted in the Independent Partisan Rangers, which company was subsequently merged into the Seventh Georgia cavalry. In about two months he was detailed to start up his mills again and cut some diamond shaped lumber for the Fingall gunboat, the Ladies gunboat, etc., and, in fact was employed by the government all through the war to prepare lumber for different purposes. In 1867 he moved to Brunswick and engaged in the general commission business and dealing in all kinds of builder’s supplies, and is now one of the largest and most successful commission merchants in the city. For eight years he has been chairman of the commissioners of pilotage; he is a director in the Brunswick Building and Loan Association, has been city alderman eight years, and was one of the commissioners of the school board four years. While acting in this last named capacity he induced the commissioners to enter suit for the recovery of forty lots belonging to the school fund, and after some hard fighting the suit was won. October 14, 1861, Mr. Littlefield married Miss Emma C. Stanley, daughter of Robert R. and Emma C. Stanley, of Greenville, Ala., and this union has been blessed with five children, as follows: Priscilla B., Robert R., Mary Lillian, Sylvanus C. and Emma S. The family are members of the Episcopal Church. Mr. Littlefield is a Free Mason and has served as worshipful master of Ocean Lodge, No. 214. In politics he is a Democrat.
McCULLOUGH, John H.
JOHN H. McCULLOUGH, lumber merchant of Brunswick, Ga., was born in Cecil County, Md., October 28, 1844. His father, William McCullough, was a native of the same place and was born in 1806; was a lumber dealer, was sheriff of the county in 1833, and was a member of the convention that met in Baltimore, in 1851, to ratify the laws of Maryland. He died in 1861. The mother of our subject was Miss Martha McCullough before her marriage to William McCullough, but although bearing the same name was not related by consanguinity. She was also born in Cecil County, Md. Mr. and Mrs. William McCullough were the parents of seven children, born in the following order: George, Allen, Caroline, Martha, John H., William and Mary. John H. McCullough received a very good education in his native county of Cecil, Md., and in 1870 settled in Brunswick, Ga., his present place of residence, where he engaged in the lumber trade; he handles chiefly yellow pine, and ships to all parts of the world, but principally to South America. To show the vastness of his trade, it may be mentioned that, in 1887, he shipped from the port of Brunswick twelve million feet of lumber, which was the lowest shipment he ever made in one year, his previous shipments having reached as high as twenty-two million feet per annum. January, 1874, Mr. McCullough married Miss Haddie Parker, of Cecil County, Md., daughter of William Parker, and by her is the father of four children, born in the following order: Retta, Malcolm, Mary, and Haddie. Mr. McCullough is a Master Mason, and is also a director in the Oglethorpe National Bank of Brunswick.
NOBLE, William D.
WM. NOBLE, D.D.S, of Waycross, Ga., was
born in Lee County, Ga., January 29, 1851, and is the son of Romulus and
Ceily A. (Clements) Noble, both natives of Georgia. Romulus Noble
was a graduate of the Philadelphia Dentla College, and died in Brunswick, Ga., a
member of the Methodist Church and the Knights of Pythias.
PALMER, John T.
John T. Palmer, boot and shoe merchant, Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia, son of Dr. John T. and Amanda (Barbour) Palmer, was born in Lumpkin, Stewart County, Georgia, 27 December 1851. His grandparents were John and Nancy (Flood) Palmer, of Waterford, Ireland. Mr. Palmer’s father and two brothers and an uncle came from Ireland to the United States in 1832, and located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His grandfather, although a man of some means, believed it best for each of his sons to be master of some trade, so he remained in Pittsburgh three years that he might accomplish his object. Mr. Palmer’s father learned the trade of tailor, and after “graduating,” migrated to Athens, Georgia, went thence to Washington, Georgia, and finally in 1849, went to Lumpkin, Georgia. Here he studied medicine under Dr. Thomas Battle, and entering the field of practice, achieved quite a success. He volunteered at the beginning of the war and was appointed assistant surgeon of the Seventeenth Georgia Regiment, and remained in the army until after the battle of Chickamauga. Having contracted pneumonia by exposure during the battle, his health failed and he resigned in 1864. He died the next year. Dr. Palmer was a very enthusiastic Mason, and had taken all the degrees except the thirty-third; and he held many positions of honor and trust in the fraternity. He numbered among his particular friends, Alex H. Stephens, “Bob” Toombs, and many other prominent men of the state and nation. He was a member of the Methodist Church, took great interest in all its work, was a class leader and an enthusiastic Sunday school worker. Mr. Palmer, the subject of this sketch, started in business life as a clerk at the age of nineteen, with R.C. Black, Americus, Georgia, and steadily advanced in his line until now he has become the leading dealer in Brunswick in every style and grade of footwear, with a good start and a bright promise of a competency in the near future. In 1878, Mr. Palmer married Laura, daughter of Capt. J.W. Sealy, a native of Marion County, Georgia, but now a prominent citizen of Cuthbert, Georgia. To them four children have been born: John Sealy; Helen Amanda; Marion Dunwoody; and Lucien Key. Mr. and Mrs. Palmer are members of the Methodist Church.
PARKER, John L.
JOHN L. PARKER, merchant, Jesup, Ga.,
was born in Lee (now Terrell) County, Ga., May 25, 1834, and is a son of Wm.
J. and Alletha (Lawhorn) Parker, both natives of Georgia.
PARKER, Thomas A.
THOMAS A. PARKER, attorney, Baxley, Ga.,
was born April 3, 1859, in Liberty County, Ga., and his parents are Hampton
C. and Catherine (Baggs) Parker, both born and reared in Liberty
County. The parents are still living, aged respectively sixty and fifty-six
years, and are pioneer settlers of the county. Mr. Parker’s grandfather,
William Parker, emigrated from Barnwell District, S.C., and died about
1840. William’s wife was Susan Hiers, who died about 1858. These
parents had ten children (see Wm. C. Parker).
PARKER, William C.
WM. C. PARKER, merchant, Baxley, Ga.,
was born in Liberty County, Ga., September 5, 1854, and his parents are
Hampton C. and Catherine (Baggs) Parker, both Georgians. Hampton
C. Parker is a farmer and a good one, honored and respected by his entire
acquaintance. Later he added the lumber business to his farming interests. He
was for many years judge of the old inferior court, for one term represented his
district (Tattnall, Liberty and McIntosh counties) in the senate, and has served
for years as president of the board of education of his county. Mr. and
Mrs. Parker are still living, honored and respected citizens of their
county. They have had ten children, namely: Amanda E., William C.,
Joseph H., Thomas A., Matilda C., Anna S., David
G., John W., James E. and Charles H. Of these,
Amanda E., wife of Joseph W. Hughes, died in August, 1885, having
lived an exemplary christian life; Joseph H., consort of Anna Terry,
is living in Liberty County; Thomas A., is practicing law in the town of
Baxley; Matilda C., is living in Blackshear, wife of W.T. Hughes;
David G., died in July, 1886, aged twenty-one years. He was a christian
gentleman of much promise, was financial secretary in the lodge of G.T., was
secretary of the Baptist Sunday School and a member in good standing in the
Baptist Church. Anna S., John W., James E. and Charles
H. are living with their parents.
PHILLIPS, Capt. John A.
CAPT. JOHN A. PHILLIPS was born in Montgomery County, Ga., July 28, 1836. His parents were Anthony and Sarah (Sullivan) Phillips, both Georgians. The father was a farmer, stock, timber and large real estate owner. He was judge of the inferior court of Emanuel County, where he lived for years. He died in 1880, aged seventy-two, a member of the Baptist Church. His wife died in 1881, aged sixty-eight, also a member of the Baptist Church. Their children were—Wm. C., married Miss Elizabeth Williamson, living in Emanuel County; subject; Lucretia, consort of Rev. Knight, of Emanuel County; her former husband was Manning Herington; Francis, living in Emanuel County, married Miss Jane Warnock, of Burke County. The subject was educated in the schools of the county and began for himself at the age of sixteen, speculating until the war in slaves, cotton and everything else salable. His success was good until the war. He was agent and stock-holder of the “timber Cutters’ Bank,” Savannah, and had the use of the money. He continued this until 1862, when he raised a company for the confederate service and paid them a bounty of fifty dollars each in Timber Cutters’ money. He belonged to the Thirty-second Georgia regiment of infantry, took part in the Ocean Pond battle, Ft. Wagner, Cumminses Point, also in the bombardment of Sumter and was among the last troops that left it. He passed ahead of Sherman through the Carolinas and surrendered with the command at Greensborough, N.C., after four days’ marching and starvation, not having had a thing to eat except a little corn which was stolen from the horses. The sharpshooting behind prevented much of the falling out of ranks that was expected under the circumstances. He was neither wounded nor taken prisoner. After the surrender he walked from Newbury home to Augusta, Ga., arriving the latter part of May, 1865. He stood army life well, and had no sickness except pneumonia at Sullivan’s Island, by which he was detained from service for about a month. After the close of the war he speculated in cotton in Burke, Montgomery and Emanuel counties; picking it up here and there and hauling it to Savannah with teams; later cutting timber and rafting it to Darien. He continued this for two years and was worth from six to seven thousand. He went into partnership with Carl Epping, of Savannah, the firm being “Carl Epping & Co.” Their business was cotton buying and selling, timber cutting and shipping. He continued this two years with good success, then he bought out Epping and ran alone one year, when he took in as partner, J.J. McArthur, which association continued two years. He then engaged in the guano business, in which he lost heavily by trusting others. In 1872 he moved to Darien and engaged in general merchandising. Success was good until a destructive fire destroyed everything in December, 1874; as he had no insurance this left him in debt about $3,000. He then moved to Sterling Station and opened a boat and hack line from Sterling Station to Darien in connection with the Macon & Brunswick Railroad, built a hotel at the Station, kept hotel, hack and boat, and carried the U.S. mail also. He continued that and speculating in lands until 1885. he then built a station eight miles above and opened a road to the river in connection with the boat. In 1886 he moved to Jesup. He then ran the Altamaha hotel for some time and then moved to Lumber City. The past two years he has been railroad contracting and dealing in real estate with good success. He was married in 1862 to Miss Florence Warnock, of Burke County. She died in 1864, aged eighteen years. She was a devout member of the Methodist Church. His second marriage was in 1868, to Miss Margaret E. McArthur, sister of Walter McArthur (see elsewhere). His home has been made happy in the birth of two children, Ida E. and Sadie, both of whom are in the junior year of the Wesleyan at Macon. Mr. Phillips is a member of no church, but his family are members of the Methodist Church. Mr. Phillips is a man of energy, push and good business qualifications. Our glory consists not so much in never falling but rather in rising every time we fall.
A.T. Putnam, livery stableman and real estate dealer, Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia, related by blood to the revolutionary hero, Gen. Israel Putnam, is the son of Willis and Amanda (Thompson) Putnam, and was born about ten miles from Gainesville, Hall County, Georgia, 27 December 1836. Mr. Putnam’s father was born in Virginia, and was a descendant of one of the three brothers who emigrated to this country before the eighteenth century, two of whom were named John and Israel, the last named probably the father of Gen. Putnam, who was born in Salem, Massachusetts, 7 January 1718, whose hazardous and courageous exploits of attacking a wolf in its den and escaping from the British by riding down a precipitous rock stairway numbering several hundred steps, and extraordinary bravery during the war, are familiar to all readers of American history. His mother was a daughter of Andrew Thompson. She was born 13 November 1820, and died 4 October 1841. Mr. Putnam received but ten months’ schooling at his father’s expense; all besides he paid for himself. When fifteen years old he began the battle of life--left to his own resources--and for the first twelve months he was paid $40. He was a messenger for Gov. J.E. Brown in Milledgeville, and in 1861 accompanied Gov. Brown to Atlanta. He served some time with the state troops; but in January, 1863, he enlisted in Company E, Twenty-second Georgia Battalion, served through the war and was paroled at Augusta, he being home at the time on a furlough. After the war he settled in Brunswick, where, by enterprise and unusual sagacity in making investments, he has accumulated quite a fortune, including among other valuable property, and entire block of brick buildings. He lost $55,000 by the war. He has served the city as alderman about ten years. Mr. Putnam was married to Miss Mary Harton, of Putnam County, Georgia, 1 February 1861, who bore him three children, one of whom only is living. His wife died in 1880. Mr. Putnam contracted a second marriage in 1881, with Miss Viola Johnson, of Houston County, by whom he has had two children, of whom only one is living, Etta. Both the wives of Mr. Putnam were nieces of the late W.B. Johnson, a wealthy capitalist of Macon, Bibb County, Georgia. Mr. and Mrs. Putnam are active and liberal and consequently influential members of the Missionary Baptist Church. The congregation has recently erected a beautiful house of worship which cost about $40,000. Mr. Putnam was chairman of the building committee and contributed largely toward its construction, in addition to which he has become personally responsible for an unpaid balance due on it. Mr. Putnam is a master Mason and a member of the I.O.O.F. He has passed through all the chairs of the last named fraternity, and represented his lodge at the grand encampment. He is also a member of the Legion of Honor. The practical foresight of Mr. Putnam is demonstrated by his carrying a heavy life insurance policy.
ROBINSON, Carrie (Maxwell)
One of the most intriguing aspects of my genealogy and
history research in Glynn County, Georgia is the oral histories of
families that lived in the “country”, where roads are not paved and gas
stations do not exist. In all of our coastal histories that have been
written, much reflection and thought goes into the telling of the affluent
and/or about St. Simons Island. But what about the folks that made everyday
life for these individuals bearable? The housekeepers, the golf caddies,
the groundskeepers, the common laborers?
SMITH, James Herr
JAS. HERR SMITH, cashier of the First
National Bank, Brunswick, Ga., was born in York County, Penn., December 5,
1883. He is of Scotch extraction on his father’s side and German on his
mother’s. The name was originally MacDonald, but singularly enough was
changed to Smith from an incident that occurred (shortly before the
battle of Boyne) in one of the local wars in Ireland.
SWINDELL, James P.
James P. SWINDELL was born in Liberty
County, Ga., October 22, 1858. his parents are William and Sarah (Rustin)
Swindell, both natives of Georgia and living in Jesup. William Swindell
is a farmer and he and wife are the parents of two children: Leonidas A.,
who is keeping a restaurant in Jesup, and the subject.
O.W. TUCKER, M.D., Brunswick, Ga., was born in Charlotte, N.C., November 4, 1859, and is a son of W.S. and M.A. (Clark) Tucker. He received a fine education, which was acquired at Macon and Brunswick, and read medicine with Dr. R.F. Lester, after which he attended lectures at Savannah, where he took one course, and then attended the Atlanta Medical College, from which he graduated in March, 1885. On his return to Brunswick he at once entered upon the practice of his profession, and has now one of the largest lists of patients of any practitioner in the city. He rose in popular favor in a wonderfully short time, and in 1886 was elected city physician of Brunswick, was re-elected in 1887 and again in 1888. He also served two years as house physician of the Savannah Hospital, which position gave him ample opportunity for practice and preparation for his present high position in his art. He is a major in the uniform rank of the Knights of Pythias, and is a member of the order of Red Men. The doctor has never married.
ULLMAN, Hon. M.
HON. M. ULLMAN, president of the
Oglethorpe National Bank of Brunswick, Ga., was born in Munich, Germany, June 3,
1847, and is a son of Nathan and Theresa (Neustadter) Ullman. He
was educated under private tutors in his native city, and received his business
education by serving an apprenticeship in a banking house. He left his home and
landed in New York in 1868.
JAMES WALKER was born in Darien, McIntosh County, Ga., February 11, 1845. His father was James Walker, who was born in Homer, N.Y., in June, 1818. Mr. Walker's mother was a daughter of Reuben King, who was from Connecticut, and who settled in Darien in 1801, and began business as a merchant. He was afterwards also a successful planter of McIntosh County. Mr. Walker is the third in a family of five children, the others being Chas. R., Reuben K., Lillie I. and Joseph A. Chas. R. and Lillie I. are dead; the remaining three live in Darien. Like most men of his age Mr. Walker had hardly finished his education when he received the call to arms on the breaking out of the war. He enlisted in company G, Fifth Georgia cavalry, which was organized in Liberty County. He was in active service all over Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. He was in the battle of Bentonville; was on the skirmish line ahead of Sherman, from Atlanta to Savannah, and from there into the Carolinas. He had the honor of capturing the Union colors at the Chattahoochee and bearing them from the field. At the close of the war Mr. Walker returned to Darien and engaged in the timber business. He was inspector of timber for the port from 1865 to 1874, and since 1874 he has been buying and selling timber and running a general merchandise store. He married, in 1869, Miss Mary Isabella Bealer, daughter of Dr. O.P. Bealer of South Carolina. To this union have been born the following children: Rueben K., Emma A., James, Chas. B., Joseph A., Sarah E., Louis A., James P. and David S. Mr. Walker is an enterprising, public-spirited man. He has been a member of the board of county commissioners for more than twelve years, being their chairman most of the time. He is a Mason and a zealous member of the Presbyterian Church.
WALKER, Richard E.
RICHARD E. WALKER, telegraph
operator, express agent, etc., Jesup, Ga., was born in London, England, November
11, 1857. Richard and Emma (Newton) Walker, of Dover and Essex,
Eng., were his parents. They landed in New York in 1858, and remained there
until after the war closed in 1805. Richard Walker, Sr., has followed
contracting since his arrival in this country and is now living at Brunswick,
Ga. He and wife are nearly the same age, the latter being two days the older.
These parents had twenty-one children, only four of whom are now living, viz.:
Richard E.; Nellie E., wife of J.S. Raffo, a steamboat engineer of
Brunswick, Ga.; Lellie E., wife of Alfred Cornell, of England,
living in Brunswick, and Frances E., wife of John B. Fain, deputy
postmaster of Jesup.
WARE, Col. George M.T.
COL. GEORGE M.T. WARE, judge of the
county court of Wayne County, Ga., was born in Fayette County, Ga., November 17,
1824. Gen. Alexander Ware, his father, was a soldier in the war of 1812,
and later a State brigadier-general. He had charge of the McIntosh party of the
Creek Indians who ceded lands to Georgia, which created a division in the tribe
known as the Hostiles and the McIntosh party. He was also a planter and an
enterprising man of means, investing when and where the outlook appeared
inviting. He was killed July 7, 1836, at about the age of forty years, in
Texas, by parties who belong to the “Murrell gang,” which was a band of
outlaws headed by one John A. Murrell. They originated in Tennessee
during the thirties, and operated mostly in the southern States, and notably in
Tennessee, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama and the Carolinas and Mississippi and in
the great Mississippi Swamp, where they had their headquarters. Their business
was mostly stealing “niggers,” selling them and stealing them again as often as
possible or prudent, and then killing them, on the theory that “dead men tell no
tales.” This band was finally broken up under the surveillance of Detective
Virgial A. Stewart.
EDWARD F. WAY, physician and surgeon, Hawkinsville, Ga., was born in Liberty County, Ga., November 9, 1827. His parents are Edward and Mary (Leod) Way, both natives of Georgia. The father was a farmer and clerk of the superior court for over twenty years, and was also a private in the war of 1812. He died in 1859, aged sixty-five, and the mother of the subject died in 1853, aged forty-five. These parents had three children: Edward F. (subject), Mary (deceased at the age of twenty-one), and Nathaniel Way. Our subject prepared for the senior year in Oxford College. At the age of eighteen he began teaching and continued two years. The next four years he read medicine before he attended lectures, practiced several years, then went to Charleston (S.C.) Medical College, from which he graduated in the class of 1854. He began practicing in Twiggs County, Ga., in 1855, thence moved to Longstreet and practiced eight years. He then retired for several years, having been overworked. He had kept from four to six horses going, and did not stay with his family an hour in a week. He moved to Hawkinsville in 1867, and has been very successful in his practice since. He was married in 1847 to Miss Sarah Shine, daughter of Daniel W. Shine, a farmer, who served in the legislature many years, and was in the war of 1812 as captain; he died in 1870, at the age of eighty-six. His wife died in 1861, aged fifty-two. Subject’s wife’s mother’s maiden name was Nancy Glenn. Her husband was Robert Glenn. Our subject and wife are the parents of eleven children; one son and three daughters are still living. Mrs. Way’s brothers and sisters are: Daniel, deceased; Sarah; John, deceased; Mary Ella; Daniel, deceased at twenty-five years; his wife’s name was Hattie McNair; John, deceased at forty-seven years; Mary, wife of G.W. Falk, living on a farm in Twiggs County; Ella, died 1883, aged thirty-nine years. Doctor and wife are both members of the Baptist Church. The doctor is also a Mason. Dr. Way began life poor, but through industry and economy, he has accumulated a good competence.
WALTER A. WAY was born in Liberty
County, Ga., January 19, 1843. His father, Dr. Samuel Way, was also a
native of Liberty County, having been born there in the year 1810, and was long
a prominent physician in his section. Mr. Way’s grandfather, John Way,
was likewise a native of Liberty County, was a large and successful planter, and
was a descendant of Parmenus Way, whose name appears among the signers of
the Declaration of Independence. Mr. Way’s mother’s maiden name was
Olivia T. Axson, a native of Liberty County, and daughter of Dr. William
Axson, originally from South Carolina, and afterwards surgeon in the war of
1812 and in the Mexican war. Mr. Way is the eldest of five living
children, the others being: William J., Anna, wife of J.L.
Harden; Samuel A. and Richard T. He was educated at the
Oglethorpe University of Georgia, graduating in 1860. In the spring of 1861, on
the breaking out of the war, he enlisted in the Liberty County independent troop
of cavalry, which company, with others, formed the Fifth Georgia cavalry. He
remained in this command till August, 1863, when he was transferred to company
I, Twenty-first Georgia battalion of cavalry. This battalion, with others,
formed the Seventh Georgia cavalry, with which Mr. Way served, mostly
through Virginia, till the close of the war. During his term of service he was
promoted to the position of second lieutenant, and he held this position when he
was mustered out. On returning home Mr. Way went to work to repair his
wasted fortunes, engaging in planting and also in general merchandising, which
he followed till January, 1872. He read law in the meantime and was admitted to
the bar at Hinesville, Ga., in April, 1872. In 1873 he located in Darien, Ga.,
and began the practice of his profession, which he followed successfully till
January, 1881. he then moved to Atlanta, continuing in his profession there
till September, 1886, when he moved to Orlando, Fla.
HON. BOLLING WHITFIELD, son of
William H. and Maria C. (Breedlove) Whitfield, was born in
Milledgeville, Ga., October 21, 1850. Wm. H. Whitfield was born in Jasper
County, Ga., in 1821, was a son of Matthew Whitfield, of Scotch-Irish
descent; was an extensive planter, and died in 1869. His wife, Mrs. Maria C.
Whitfield, was born in Putnam County, Ga., and was a daughter of Benjamin
Breedlove, who was of English extraction. Mr. and Mrs. William H.
Whitfield’s children, still living, are four in number and are named:
Matthew C., John B., Bolling and Robert.
WILKINS, William T.
WILLIAM T. WILKINS, merchant and farmer,
was born in eastern Virginia, September 4, 1853. He is the son of Josiah
and Georgiana (Skinner) Wilkins, natives of Nansemond [sic] County, Va.,
and the former a well-to-do farmer. They are the parents of nine children, all
of whom are living, viz.: W.T.; T.S., merchandising in Jesup;
Bosheba, wife of Adolphus Baker, living in Suffolk, Va.; J.H.,
merchandising in Jesup; Anna L., teacher in public and private schools;
Georgia, attending Cherry Grove Academy; Willis J., Mattie,
and Luther, attending the county school. Josiah Wilkins served in
the war four years, receiving only one slight wound. He enlisted in 1861 and
was promoted to first lieutenant before the war closed. He was in Mahone’s
division and was discharged just a few months before Lee’s surrender.
Both he and his wife are members of the Christian Church.
G.W. Wright, deceased, merchant and farmer, Sterling Station, Glynn Co., Georgia, a son of James B. and Ann (Burnett) Wright, natives of Glynn County, was born in Glynn County 25 October 1829. His father was a son of Maj. Samuel Wright, a British officer during the war of 1812, who then made the acquaintance of a lady whom he, after peace was proclaimed, returned to the United States and married. James B. Wright died in 1865, and his widow, aged eighty-four years, died in 1879. Mr. Wright was thrown on his own resources when fifteen years of age, followed farming and farm-managing before the war; and his services in the last named capacity commanding good salaries, enabled him to acquire a fairly handsome estate. In the spring of 1861 he enlisted in the 4th Georgia Cavalry and was made orderly sergeant of his company, an office, however, which he did not long retain. Being regarded as a very cool and brave man, and an unusually good woodsman, he was principally employed in scout work, serving as such in Tennessee and Georgia. He was in the battles of Atlanta and Jonesboro, and when the end came he was guarding a railway bridge at Doctortown, Wayne Co., Georgia, where he surrendered and was paroled in 1865. His most thrilling and impressive experiences during the war were two narrow escapes from death--one when a bullet grazed him in front, and another when a bullet grazed him in the back, each passing above the saddle; and on one occasion when all he had to eat for four days was one small "nubbin of corn" about four inches long. When the war ended he had lost everything except his land and a yoke of oxen. Going bravely to work, good farm management and judicious investments accumulated a fair fortune, but he could not be considered wealthy. Mr. Wright had a general merchandise store, carried a large and well assorted stock, owned 5,000 acres of land, and was a stockholder in the Southern bank of the state of Georgia, in Savannah. Unambitious as to political honors he declined offers to place him in office. Mr. Wright was married to Miss Clifford Burnett in 1851, by whom he had one child; and his wife died soon afterward. The child, a daughter, died also at sixteen years of age. In 1857 Mr. Wright was married to Miss Annie E. Taylor, daughter of Silas W. and Marguerite (Lowery) Taylor, natives of Glynn County, and this second union was blessed with nine children: G.W., Jr.; J.S.; Charlton; Mary Letitia (Mrs. P.W. Fleming); Ada; Daisy; Bessie; Maggie; and one which died in infancy. Mr. Wright was a devoted member of the Protestant Episcopal Church, of which his bereaved widow is also and exemplary member.
J.B. Wright, merchant, St. Simons Island, Glynn Co., Georgia, a son of M.C.B. and Elizabeth (Anderson) Wright, was born in Glynn County, 5 August 1853. His parents were respectively of English and Scotch descent; both were born in Glynn County. Major Samuel Wright, the ancestor of this family, came to Georgia with Gen Oglethorpe, and first settled in Frederica, on St. Simons Island. Mr. Wright's father was at one time sheriff of Glynn County; his mother died about 1884 aged fifty-five years, his father at an earlier date. J.B. Wright began life for himself at the early age of fourteen, with no means and no aid from his father; but he managed to wrest from his hard conditions of life a very handsome property. He owns three-fourths of the steamer "Hessix", and manages its business. He was married to Lizzie M. Earle, of Brooklyn, New York, in 1879, by whom he has had three children; but only one, Mary Elizabeth, is now living. Mrs. Wright is a Catholic. Mr. Wright is a Mason and enjoys the esteem of all who know him.
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